Alcalá de Henares, University of
   New Spanish university formally founded in 1499 by Cardinal Francisco Ximénes de Cisneros, archbishop of Toledo. After careful preparation, instruction began in 1508. Although Cardinal Ximénes was a conservative friar, he was determined to reform the Spanish church by fostering deeper spirituality and by creating a new leadership based on merit rather than family influence. This goal implied preparation of an educated elite of future leaders of the clergy. Even though Ximénes was in no way a humanist, he realized that this goal meant an emphasis on study of the Bible and therefore provided professorships in Hebrew and Greek, the two biblical languages. Thus even though founded by a conservative Franciscan theologian, Alcalá became the first university that fulfilled the humanists' goal of trilingual (Latin, Greek, and Hebrew) learning.
   Ximénes also sponsored scholarly study of the text of the Bible, assembling a team of experts who produced a multilingual edition known as the Complutensian Polyglot Bible. Although formal theological instruction was still based on medieval scholastic authors, the emphasis on linguistic study of the biblical sources aligned the university with Renaissance humanism and made Alcalá one of the centers for the growth of humanism in 16th-century Spain.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alcalá de Henares —   Municipality   …   Wikipedia

  • Alcalá de Henares — [äl΄kä lä′ de e nä′res] city in central Spain, near Madrid: pop. 159,000 * * * ▪ Spain       city, Madrid provincia (province) and comunidad autónoma (autonomous community), central Spain. Known under the Romans as Complutum, the city was… …   Universalium

  • ALCALÁ DE HENARES — (Heb. אלקלעא), city in Castile, central Spain. Under Muslim rule Jews lived in Alcalá. After Alcalá was captured from the Moors in 1118, the Jews were granted equal municipal rights with Christians regarding residence, evidence, and criminal… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • University of Alcalà de Henares — The Complutense University of Madrid is the most prestigious, and largest, public university in Spain and one of the oldest universities in the world. It has 10,000 staff members and a student population of 117,000. It is located on two campuses …   Wikipedia

  • Universidad de Alcalá de Henares — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Universidad de Alcalá Fachada del Colegio Mayor de San Ildefonso (R. Gil de Hontañón, 1543), actual rectorado. Fundaci …   Wikipedia Español

  • University of Alcalá — Universidad de Alcalá Established Historical University 1499 Official Modern University 1977 Type …   Wikipedia

  • University of Alcala —     University of Alcalá     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► University of Alcalá     This university may be said to have had its inception in the thirteenth century, when Sancho IV, the Brave, King of Castile, conceived the idea of founding a Studium… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • University of Osuna — The University of Osuna (Spanish: Universidad de Osuna), officially the Colegio Universidad de la Purísima Concepción en Osuna ( College University of the Immaculate Conception in Osuna ) was a university in Osuna, Kingdom of Seville, Spain from… …   Wikipedia

  • Alcalá, University of — • Had its inception in the thirteenth century, when Sancho IV, conceived the idea of founding a Studium Generale in Alcalá de Henares Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • University of Granada —     University of Granada     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► University of Granada     The origin of this university is to be traced to the Arab school at Cordova, which, when the city was captured by St. Ferdinand in 1236, was removed to Granada and… …   Catholic encyclopedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”