Cesalpino, Andrea

Cesalpino, Andrea
(1525-1603)
   Italian physician and botanist, born at Arezzo and educated at Pisa, where he studied both anatomy and botany. In 1565 he became director of the botanical garden at Pisa, and in 1569 he was appointed professor of medicine. He moved to Rome in 1592 as professor of medicine and personal physician to Pope Clement VIII. His medical publications show him to be a confirmed supporter of the traditional authority of Aristotle, but also to be eager to discover new ways to apply Aristotelian principles to scientific problems. His most original work was in botany. His De plantis libri XVI/Sixteen Books on Botany (1583) followed the classification principles of Aristotle and his disciple Theophrastus. Surprisingly for the work of a physician, this botanical book provided no illustrations and rarely discussed medicinal applications. He seems to have coined the phrase "circulation of the blood," and his discussion of that topic vaguely foreshadows the subsequent work of William Harvey.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

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  • Cesalpino, Andrea — • Article by Joseph Rompel dwells upon Cesalpino s botanical accomplishments as well as his philosophical positions Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Cesalpino, Andrea — ▪ Italian physician, philosopher, and botanist Latin  Andreas Caesalpinus   born June 6, 1519, Arezzo, Tuscany [Italy] died Feb. 23, 1603, Rome       Italian physician, philosopher, and botanist who sought a philosophical and theoretical approach …   Universalium

  • Cesalpino , Andrea — (1519–1603) Italian physician and botanist Born at Arezzo in Italy, Cesalpino studied anatomy and medicine at the University of Pisa, where he graduated in 1551; in 1555 he became professor of medicine and director of the botanic garden there. In …   Scientists

  • Andrea Cesalpino — Born 1524 or 1525 …   Wikipedia

  • Cesalpino — Andrea Cesalpino. Andrea Cesalpino (* 6. Juni 1519 in Arezzo, Italien; † 23. Februar 1603 in Rom; latinisiert Caesalpinus) war ein italienischer Philosoph, Botaniker und Physiologe. Sein offizielles …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andrea Cesalpino —     Andrea Cesalpino     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Andrea Cesalpino     (Caesalpinus).     A physician, philosopher, and naturalist, distinguished above all as a botanist; born at Arezzo in Tuscany, Italy, 6 June, 1519; died… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Andrea Cesalpino — (Andreas Caesalpinus en latin et André Césalpin en français), né le 6 juin 1519 à Arezzo en Toscane et mort le 23 février 1603 à Rome, était un philosophe, médecin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Andrea Cesalpino — Andrea Cesalpino. Andrea Cesalpino (auch Andreas Caesalpin) (* 6. Juni 1519 in Arezzo, Italien; † 23. Februar 1603 in Rom; latinisiert Caesalpinus) war ein italienischer Philosoph, Botaniker und Physiologe. Sein offizielles …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andrea Cesalpino — Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cesalpino —   [tʃ ], Andrea, latinisiert Caesalpinus, italienischer Philosoph, Botaniker und Mediziner, * Arezzo um 1519, ✝ Rom 23. 2. 1603; war ab 1555 Professor der Medizin und Direktor des botanischen Gartens in Pisa, ab 1592 Leibarzt Papst Clemens VIII.… …   Universal-Lexikon