El Greco
   Popular nickname of the late Renaissance painter Domenikos Theotokopoulos (ca. 1541-1614), who was born in Crete but moved to Venice. There he assimilated the characteristics of Italian Renaissance painters, especially Titian and Tintoretto. In 1570 he moved to Rome, where he enjoyed the patronage of Cardinal Alessandro Farnese. Loss of this support caused him to move to Spain in 1577, where he received a valuable commission at Toledo but got into trouble when he refused to alter the painting to suit the preferences of the cathedral chapter and had to sue for his fee. Nevertheless, he was one of the artists chosen to paint altarpieces for the royal basilica of El Escorial, for which he produced The Martyrdom of St. Maurice and the Theban Legion. Once again, the work displeased his patron, King Philip II, who disliked the painting on both stylistic and religious grounds. El Greco returned to Toledo and about 1585 established a workshop. An important commission there was The Burial of the Count of Orgaz (1586). El Greco also painted a considerable number of portraits, of which the most striking depicts an important scholar and close friend of the artist, Fray Felix Hortensio Paravicino. El Greco's highly individual style combined the Byzantine tradition with the use of brilliant colors he had learned at Venice and with a unique illusionism that made his paintings transcend natural appearances in order to express spiritual reality.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

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  • El Greco — El Greco. Büste in Fodele, Kreta „Die Verkündigung“, 1575 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • El Greco — • Spanish artist. Born in Crete, between 1545 and 1550; died at Toledo, 7 April, 1614 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. El Greco     El Greco      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • El Greco — (Пуэрто Рико,Испания) Категория отеля: Адрес: Olímpicos Doreste y Molina, 38, 35130 Пуэрто Рико, Исп …   Каталог отелей

  • El Greco — (Игуменица,Греция) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адрес: Ethnikis Antistaseos 86, Игум …   Каталог отелей

  • El Greco — (Патра,Греция) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адрес: Agiou Andrea 145, Патра, 26221, Греция …   Каталог отелей

  • El Greco — (Науса,Греция) Категория отеля: Адрес: Naousa, Науса, 84400, Греция Опис …   Каталог отелей

  • El Greco — (1541 7 de abril, 1614) es el apodo o alias por el que se conoce a Doménikos Theotokópoulos, pintor, escultor y arquitecto de origen griego que trabajó principalmente en España. Nació en la localidad de Candía, actual Heraklion, capital de Creta …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • El Greco — El Grec|o (1541 1614) a Spanish artist famous for his religious paintings. He was called El Greco, which means the Greek , because he was born in Crete …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • El Greco — (izg. el grèko) (pravo ime Dominikos Theotokopulos) (o.1541 1614) DEFINICIJA španjolski slikar rodom s Krete, veliki majstor renesansnog slikarstva; osebujnim stilom prikazivanja boja i likova najavljuje barok (Toledo u oluji, Veliki inkvizitor,… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • El Greco — [el grek′ō] (born Domenikos Theotokopoulos) 1541? 1614?; painter in Italy ( c. 1560 75) & Spain, born in Crete …   English World dictionary

  • El Greco — This article is about the artist of the Spanish Renaissance. For other uses, see El Greco (disambiguation). El Greco Portrait of An Old Man (presumed self portrait of El Greco), circa 1595–1600, oil on canvas, 52.7 × 46.7 cm, Metropolitan… …   Wikipedia

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