City of north-central Italy, the capital of a duchy ruled from the 13th to the end of the 16th century by the princely house of Este. In theory the city was subject to the popes, and the papacy took direct control in 1598. The city grew and prospered during the Renaissance, reaching nearly 33,000 inhabitants in 1601. The Este dynasty conducted an ambitious program of building, not only of their own palaces but also of churches and charitable institutions. The rulers purchased or commissioned paintings by Italian masters and also by artists of the Flemish school such as Rogier van der Weyden. In the middle of the 15th century, a distinct Ferrarese school of painting developed, of which Cosmè Tura (1430-1495) and Francesco della Cossa (ca. 1435-ca. 1477) were the most prominent.
   Probably the outstanding achievement in the city's cultural life was the creation of a famous school of humanistic studies at the ducal court by the renowned teacher Guarino Guarini under the patronage of Duke Niccolö III in 1429. This school attracted students from princely and wealthy mercantile families throughout Italy and even from north of the Alps. In the middle of the 15th century, the school was further expanded into a university, though its original reputation rested largely on the teaching of Guarino.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ferrara — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ferrara Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ferrara — Ferrara …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • FERRARA — FERRARA, city in N. central Italy, with an ancient and renowned Jewish community. An inscription dating from Roman times and a document of 1088 may relate to local Jewish life. Privileges enjoyed by Jews were recorded in 1275. In the same century …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ferrara — • Archdiocese immediately subject to the Holy See Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Ferrara     Ferrara     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Ferrara — es un municipio de 130.461 habitantes, capital de la provincia homónima de Italia. La ciudad mantiene la estructura urbanística del siglo XIV, época en la que gobernaba en la ciudad la familia de los Este. Ferrara es patrimonio de la humanidad. * …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ferrara — Fer*ra ra, n. A sword bearing the mark of one of the Ferrara family of Italy. These swords were highly esteemed in England and Scotland in the 16th and 17th centuries. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ferrara — (Gesch.). F. ist das Forum Allieni, lange ein bloßes Dorf, wurde es erst 604 n. Chr. mit Mauern zur Vertheidigung gegen die Longobarden umgeben; zur Stadt wurde es erst in der Mitte des 7. Jahrh. unter Papst Vitalian erhoben. Es gehörte zum… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ferrara — Ferrāra, ital. Provinz in der Emilia, 2621 qkm, (1904) 279.069 E., seit 1471 selbständiges Herzogtum des Hauses Este (s.d.), 1598 dem Kirchenstaat, 1859 dem Königr. Italien einverleibt. Die befestigte Hauptstadt F., am Po di Volano, (1901) 87.648 …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ferrara — Ferrara, Delegation (49 QM. mit 220000 E.) im Kirchenstaate mit der gleichnamigen Hauptst. an einem Arme des Po mit Citadelle, in welcher, wie in der Stadt, Oesterreich das Besatzungsrecht hat, zählt 30000 E, ist Sitz eines Erzbischofs, eines… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Ferrara — [fə rär′ə] commune in NC Italy, in the Emilia Romagna region: pop. 138,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Ferrara — Infobox CityIT img coa = Ferrara Stemma.png official name = Comune di Ferrara name = Ferrara region = Emilia Romagna province = Ferrara (FE) elevation m = 9 area total km2 = 404 population as of = May 31, 2007 population total = 133266 population …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”