Gilbert, William
(1540-1603)
   English scientist, best known for his study of magnetism. In his principal work, De magnete / On the Magnet (1600), he contended that the earth itself is a great magnet and attempted to explain the phenomena of astronomy as the effects of magnetism. Educated at Cambridge (B.A. 1564, M.D. 1569), he became a successful medical practitioner in London and served as physician to both Queen Elizabeth I and King James I. Gilbert's work involved much carefully recorded experimentation. In both De magnete and his second major work, De mundo / On the World, he explicitly rejected the scientific authority of Aristotle.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

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  • Gilbert,William — Gilbert, William. 1544 1603. English court physician noted for his studies of electricity and magnetism. * * * …   Universalium

  • GILBERT, William — (1540 1603) William Gilbert was a physician and scientist whose De magnete magnetic isque corporibus et de magno magnete tellure physiologia nova (On the Lode stone and Magnetic Bodies and on the Great Magnet the Earth, 1600), the first major… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Gilbert, William — ▪ English scientist Gilbert also spelled  Gylberde   born May 24, 1544, Colchester, Essex, Eng. died Dec. 10 [Nov. 30, old style], 1603, London or Colchester  pioneer researcher into magnetism who became the most distinguished man of science in… …   Universalium

  • Gilbert , William — (1544–1603) English physicist and physician Gilbert, who was born at Colchester, was educated at Cambridge, where he took his degree in 1569 and later became a fellow. He moved to London in 1573, became a member of the Royal College of Physicians …   Scientists

  • Gilbert, William — ► (1544 1603) Médico y físico inglés. Descubrió el magnetismo terrestre …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gilbert, William Schwenck — ► (1836 1911) Poeta y dramaturgo británico. Autor de los libretos de las operetas de Sullivan, como Proceso y Los gondoleros, entre otras …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • GILBERT, WILLIAM SCHWENCK —    barrister, notable as a play writer and as the author of the librettos of a series of well known popular comic operas set to music by Sir Arthur Sullivan; b. 1836 …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • William de Lancaster I — William de Lancaster I, or William Fitz Gilbert, was a nobleman of the twelfth century in Northwest England. He was possibly also referred to as William de Tailboys (de Taillebois) when younger. He is the first person of whom we have any record… …   Wikipedia

  • William Gilbert (author) — William Gilbert, (20 May 1804 ndash;3 January 1890) was a British novelist and Royal Navy surgeon, and the author of novels, biographies, histories and several popular fantasy stories, mostly in the 1860s and 1870s. He is perhaps best remembered …   Wikipedia

  • William Gilbert — William Gilbert, auch William Gylberde (* 24. Mai 1544 in Colchester, Essex, England; † 10. Dezember 1603 in London oder Colchester) war ein englischer Arzt und als Physiker einer der Wegbereiter der modernen naturwissenschaftlichen Forschun …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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