Lollards
   Followers of the 14th-century English theologian and heretic John Wyclif. After Wyclif's death in 1384, the English ecclesiastical courts forced most of his university followers to recant their heretical doctrines, and during the reign of Henry IV, a Parliamentary statute made heresy a capital offense. Ownership of an unauthorized copy of the Bible in English came to be regarded as prima facie evidence of heresy. The Lollards' educated leadership had been destroyed or silenced by the 1420s, but the movement survived as a clandestine sect of simple, pious people, many of them artisans and small merchants. What held the underground groups together was mainly rejection of the authority of the official clergy and insistence on laymen's free access to the Bible in English translations made by Wyclif's early followers.
   Lollardy was a phenomenon of the later Middle Ages and had no connection with Renaissance culture. But clusters of Lollards survived, sometimes in significant numbers, in various parts of England, and there were still Lollards in England in the early 16th century. An issue debated among historians of the early English Reformation is whether Lollard beliefs contributed to the spread of Lutheranism and prepared the way for the official Reformation begun by Henry VIII in the 1530s.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lollards — • The name given to the followers of John Wyclif, an heretical body numerous in England in the latter part of the fourteenth and the first half of the fifteenth century Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Lollards     Lollards …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • LOLLARDS — Provenant du moyen allemand lollaert (de lullen , marmotter, chantonner à voix basse), l’appellation de lollards fut d’abord donnée à certains groupes d’Europe continentale suspects de cacher des croyances hérétiques sous un souci d’intensifier… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lollards — Les Lollards sont les membres ou sympathisants d un mouvement de contestation religieuse et sociale apparu en Angleterre au XIVe siècle. « De quel droit ceux qui s appellent seigneurs, dominent ils sur nous ? À quel titre ont ils… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lollards —    The Lollards were members of a controversial English reform movement that began in the 14th century. The word Lollard was a derogatory term, perhaps from the Dutch word lollaert meaning “mumbler.” They were also sometimes referred to as… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Lollards — Followers of John Wycliffe in late medieval England. The pejorative name (from Middle Dutch lollaert, mumbler ) had been applied earlier to European groups suspected of heresy. The first Lollard group centred on some of Wycliffe s colleagues at… …   Universalium

  • LOLLARDS —    originally a religious community established at Antwerp in 1300, devoted to the care of the sick and burial of the dead, and as persecuted by the Church, regarded as heretics. Their name became a synonym for heretic, and was hence applied to… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • LOLLARDS —    the followers of John WYCLIFFE who were forerunners of the REFORMATION in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Lollards — followers of John Wycliffe; they believed that the Bible was the sole authority in religion and that every man had the right to read and interpret it for himself …   Medieval glossary

  • Lollards —  Лолларды …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • Lollards' Tower —    At either corner of the west end of St. Paul s were two Towers of stone, made for Bell Towers, one towards the south called the Lowlardes Tower and hath been used as the Bishoppes prison (S. 372) …   Dictionary of London

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