Bacon, Francis
(1561-1626)
   English philosopher, essayist, and royal official, knighted by King James VI and eventually raised to the peerage. The son of a high-ranking official of Queen Elizabeth I, under James VI he rose to be lord chancellor, the highest position in the state. Although Bacon was avid for high office and its social and financial rewards, he was also deeply committed to the improvement of education, especially the study of the natural sciences. During his studies at Cambridge University (1573-1575), he became convinced that the traditional scientific method of Aristotle was worthless and that a new science founded on a new scientific method must replace it. His book The Advancement of Learning (1603) set forth this program of drastic educational and scientific reform.
   Despite his many political duties, Bacon continued to publish on this theme, attempting without great success to clarify his concept of a new intellectual method. He projected a total reconstruction of science, a work called Instauratio magna / The Great New Beginning (1620); but he completed only a few fragments, notably the introductory section, also called Instauratio magna, and a sketch of his new logic, the Novum Organum. He also realized that one of the goals of a new natural science should be the application of scientific knowledge to improving the quality of human life, an idea developed in his scientific utopia, The New Atlantis. Bacon's interests were not limited to natural science. His best known literary work is his Essays, published between 1597 and 1625, which dealt with social and ethical questions and introduced into English literature the informal essay pioneered in French literature by Michel de Montaigne. Bacon also wrote an influential biography of the first Tudor king, Henry VII. Although he was educated in the humanistic learning of the Renaissance, in many respects Bacon represents a passage from Renaissance to post-Renaissance thought. He no longer shared the Renaissance conviction that the improvement of learning depended on rediscovery of lost classical learning but instead declared the contribution of ancient philosophical and scientific knowledge to be exhausted. He linked the further advancement of humanity to his program of a new learning based on natural science.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

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  • Bacon, Francis — (1909 92)    by John Marks   Deleuze s aim in Francis Bacon: The Logic of Sensation, as with all his other works on art, is to produce philosophical concepts that correspond to the sensible aggregates that the artist has produced. The logic of… …   The Deleuze dictionary

  • Bacon, Francis — (1909 92)    by John Marks   Deleuze s aim in Francis Bacon: The Logic of Sensation, as with all his other works on art, is to produce philosophical concepts that correspond to the sensible aggregates that the artist has produced. The logic of… …   The Deleuze dictionary

  • Bacon, Francis —    b. 1909, Dublin; d. 1992, London    Painter    Francis Bacon was the most prominent English painter of the twentieth century until his death in 1992. Major retrospectives were assembled by the Tate Gallery in 1962 and 1985 (see Tate(s)). A… …   Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture

  • Bacon, Francis — (1561–1626)    Politician and Philosopher.    Bacon was the son of Queen Elizabeth I’s Lord Keeper. He was educated at the University of Cambridge and was first elected a Member of Parliament in 1584. He became Solicitor General in 1608, Attorney …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Bacon, Francis — born Oct. 28, 1909, Dublin, Ire. died April 28, 1992, Madrid, Spain Irish British painter. He lived in Berlin and Paris before settling in London (1929) to begin a career as an interior decorator. With no formal art training, he started painting …   Universalium

  • Bacon, Francis — (1561–1626) English statesman. As a philosopher of science the first notable example of the empiricist tendency of English thought, but perhaps more importantly the prophet and protector of the dawning scientific revolution. He was a precocious… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Bacon,Francis — I. Ba·con1 (bāʹkən), Francis. First Baron Verulam and Viscount Saint Albans. 1561 1626. English philosopher, essayist, courtier, jurist, and statesman. His writings include The Advancement of Learning (1605) and the Novum Organum (1620), in which …   Universalium

  • Bacon, Francis — (1561 1626) Filósofo y político inglés. Es considerado el fundador del empirismo. Estableció una clasificación metódica de las ciencias, expuso el sistema de observación directa de la naturaleza sustituyendo el silogismo por la inducción, y atacó …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bacon, Francis — (10/28/1909 Dublin 4/28/1992 Madrid) (England)    Painter, furniture and interior designer. Largely self taught, he did work with other artists from whom he learned various skills. Known for his use of the human figure as a subject rendered in an …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

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