Monteverdi, Claudio
(1567-1643)
   Italian composer, best known as one of the developers of the opera in the modern sense of the term. Born and trained in Cremona, he spent the first part of his career (1591-1612) in the service of the duke of Mantua and the second part (1613-1642) as director of music at St. Mark's in Venice, the most prestigious musical appointment in northern Italy. He was trained in the prevailing Renaissance style and in addition to sacred music for use in churches and court ceremonies, he composed some of the finest sec-ular madrigals of Renaissance Italy. But Monteverdi's later madrigals and his operas mark a significant transition in musical style, from tra-ditional Renaissance polyphony, characterized by equality of voices, linear development, and strict observance of counterpoint, to the baroque style of the 17th century, which emphasized use of a duet over a supporting bass and permitted dissonances and embellishments not accepted in Renaissance music, and which also gave the orchestral accompaniment a more prominent role than in the past. His first opera, Orfeo, produced at the court of Mantua in 1607, is the earliest work still in the modern operatic repertory. His other operas include Arianna (1608), of which only a fragment survives, Il combattimento di Tan-credi e Clorinda (1624), Il ritorno d'Ulisse in patria (1640), and L'in-coronzaione di Poppea (1642). Monteverdi also composed ballets and a great body of church music, especially after his move to Venice.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

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  • Monteverdi, Claudio — ▪ Italian composer and musician Introduction baptized May 15, 1567, Cremona, Duchy of Milan died November 29, 1643, Venice  Italian composer of the late Renaissance, the most important developer of the then new genre, the opera. He also did much… …   Universalium

  • MONTEVERDI, Claudio — (1567 1643) Claudio Monteverdi was a composer of sacred and secular music, the most important Italian composer during the transition from the Renaissance to baroque style. His operas are the first masterpieces in the genre. Monteverdi was born in …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Monteverdi, Claudio — (1567–1643)    Composer.    Monteverdi was the organist of St Mark’s Cathedral in Venice. He was the foremost musician of his day and he has been described as the ‘father of modern music’. He composed both secular and sacred pieces. His Church… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Monteverdi, Claudio — (15 May 1567, Cremona, Italy – 29 November 1643, Venice)    Composer whose madrigals and operas established the aesthetic integrity of the early Baroque style in the early 17th century, Monteverdi’s sacred music, consisting of some 145 Latin… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Monteverdi,Claudio — Mon·te·ver·di (mŏn tə vârʹdē, mōn tĕ ), Claudio. 1567 1643. Italian composer considered a founder of opera. His works include sacred music, many madrigals, and the opera Orfeo (1607). * * * …   Universalium

  • Monteverdi, Claudio — ► (1567 1643) Compositor italiano. Está considerado el verdadero creador de la ópera moderna: su Orfeo (1607) causó una impresión enorme que ratificaron sus numerosas obras posteriores (de las cuales, sin embargo, solo La coronación de Poppea… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Monteverdi, Claudio (Giovanni Antonio) — (baptized May 15, 1567, Cremona, Duchy of Milan died Nov. 29, 1643, Venice) Italian composer. The first of his nine books of madrigals appeared in 1587, the second in 1590. He visited the court of the Gonzagas in Mantua, and his next book (1592)… …   Universalium

  • Monteverdi, Claudio (Giovanni Antonio) — (bautizado el 15 may., 1567, Cremona, ducado de Milán–29 nov. 1643, Venecia). Compositor italiano. En 1587 apareció el primero de sus nueve libros de madrigales y, el segundo, en 1590. Visitó la corte de los Gonzagas en Mantua, y su libro… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Monteverdi, Claudio Giovanni Antonio —  (1567–1643) Italian composer …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Monteverdi — Monteverdi, Claudio …   Enciclopedia Universal

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