Paré, Ambroïse
(ca. 1509-1590)
   French surgeon, known as an innovator in surgical treatment of wounds and also as the author of a large number of treatises on surgery, anatomy, and other medical top-ics. Although trained by apprenticeship rather than by academic study and unable to write in the Latin of accepted medical literature, he demonstrated such broad mastery, combining classical knowledge with his own experience, that even many university-trained physi-cians respected his learning. This did not prevent an attack on him by the Paris faculty of medicine in 1575 for the offense of writing on medical subjects in the vernacular.
   In the early 1530s, shortly after he had been apprenticed at Paris, Paré became surgeon at the main hospital in the city, but his greatest reputation was as a military surgeon, beginning in 1536 with an ap-pointment to accompany a French army to Italy. He introduced sev-eral revolutionary changes into surgical practice, including abandon-ment of the practice of cauterizing gunshot wounds with boiling oil, for which he substituted the use of salves. He also quit cauterizing amputations with red-hot iron or boiling oil, for which he substituted the use of ligatures to tie off blood vessels, a practice already used in antiquity. He introduced new techniques of treating dislocations of limbs. Paré's innovations were so obviously successful in reducing the death rate among wounded soldiers that he gained the protection of leading generals and four kings of France whom he served as prin-cipal surgeon (1552-1589).
   His published works, though written in French, were successful because they combined a broad base of medical knowledge with spe-cific references to his own experience. His book on treating wounds caused by firearms (1545) was widely used by European armies, and his Dix livres de la chirurgerie / Ten Books on Surgery (1564) spread news of his success with the use of ligatures. Paré's collected works were published in French in 1575 and later translated into Latin, Dutch, German, and English.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Paré Ambroise — Ambroise Paré Ambroise Paré Ambroise Paré, né vers 1510 au Bourg Hersent, près de Laval et mort le 20 décembre 1590 à Paris, fut un chirurgien et anatomiste français. Ambroise Paré est le chi …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paré, Ambroise — Cirujano francés nacido en 1509. Su carrera como médico empezó como cirujano militar, lo que le llevó a escribir el libro Método para tratar las heridas por arcabuz y otras armas de fuego. Puede considerarse el padre de la cirugía moderna y sus… …   Diccionario médico

  • PARE Ambroise — (1509 1590) (retrato) [véase http://www.iqb.es/diccio/p/pa.htm#pare]: médico cirujano francés renacentista que introdujo numerosos avances en el tratamiento de heridas e introdujo la prótesis de miembros amputados. Fué el primero en abandonar el… …   Diccionario médico

  • PARÉ Ambroise — (1509 1590) (retrato) [véase http://www.iqb.es/diccio/p/pa.htm#pare]: médico cirujano francés renacentista que introdujo numerosos avances en el tratamiento de heridas e introdujo la prótesis de miembros amputados. Fué el primero en abandonar el… …   Diccionario médico

  • Paré, Ambroise — • French surgeon (1517 1590) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • PARE, Ambroise — (c. 1510 1590) Ambroise Pare was a French physician whose exceptional contributions to the medical field have earned him current recognition as one of the fathers of modern surgery. Pare was born around 1510 in the village of Bourg Hersent,… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Paré, Ambroise — ► (1517? 90) Cirujano francés. Se le debe la ligadura de las arterias y venas en sustitución de la cauterización por el hierro candente después de la amputación, y un método para contener la hemorragia. Ha sido llamado padre de la cirugía moderna …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Paré, Ambroise — born 1510, Bourg Hersent, France died Dec. 20, 1590, Paris French physician and surgeon. Employed as an army surgeon in 1537, Paré preferred measures less drastic than those of other surgeons at the time (whose techniques included castration in… …   Universalium

  • PARÉ, AMBROISE —    great French surgeon, born at Laval; was from the improved methods he introduced in the treatment of surgical cases entitled to be called, as he has been, the father of modern surgery, for his success as an operator, in particular the tying of …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Paré — Paré, Ambroise …   Enciclopedia Universal

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