Baroque
   Modern term, used most frequently in art history, to describe a post-Renaissance style that continued many of the elements of High Renaissance style while developing and exaggerating other characteristics. Some art historians also insert a transitional phase, which they call mannerism. Both of these terms were originally applied in a pejorative sense: "mannerism" or "mannered style" implies "artificial," while the word "baroque" originally meant "contorted" or "grotesque." In a rough sense, mannerism is used to categorize the work of some Italian artists of the middle and late 16th century, while baroque is conventionally applied to the art of the 17th century. But these delimitations are vague, and the terms themselves are debated.
   Even more debatable is the effort of historians of other subjects to extend the terms mannerism and baroque to fields other than art, though in the history of music the term baroque has become well established. Particularly in the case of baroque art, there are sharp regional differences. Some art historians identify three different lines of development, a "Counter-Reformation" style found in Spanish, Italian, south German, and Flemish painting from the late 16th through the 17th century; a "Protestant Baroque" style, exemplified chiefly in the 17th-century art of the Dutch Republic; and a "Courtly Baroque" style in the art of France and England. The term baroque is standard in discussions of art and music of the 17th century.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

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  • BAROQUE — L’origine du mot «baroque», appelé à une si grande fortune, doit être raisonnablement reconnue dans le mot portugais barroco , qui désigne la perle irrégulière, voisin du castillan berrucco , qui était lui même entré dans la langue technique de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Baroque — art redirects here. Please disambiguate such links to Baroque painting, Baroque sculpture, etc. In the arts, the Baroque (pronounced /bə rɒk/) was a Western cultural epoch, commencing roughly at the beginning of the 17th century in Rome, Italy.… …   Wikipedia

  • Baroque — ist eine weiße Rebsorte, die mittlerweile eine lokale Rarität der Region Béarn in der französischen Weinbauregion Sud Ouest ist. Noch Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts war sie weit verbreitet . Nach Meinung des französischen Ampelographen Pierre Galet… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Baroque —    Baroque is a style of art and architecture of the early seventeenth to mid eighteenth century, characterized by elaborate ornamentation, curved lines, and enormous size. The Oxford English Dictionary says the style pays tribute to Francesco… …   Dictionary of eponyms

  • baroque — BAROQUE. adj. des 2 genr. Terme qui n est d usage qu en parlant Des perles qui sont d une rondeur fort imparfaite. Un collier de perles baroques.Baroque, se dit aussi au figuré, pour Irrégulier, bizarre, inégal. Un esprit baroque. Une expression… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • baroque — 1765, from Fr. baroque (15c.) irregular, from Port. barroco imperfect pearl, of uncertain origin, perhaps related to Sp. berruca a wart. This style in decorations got the epithet of Barroque taste, derived from a word signifying pearls and teeth… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Baroque —    Baroque is a term used to denote the art from roughly the 1580s to the end of the 17th century. Its development coincides with the Counter Reformation when the Catholic Church sought to curtail the spread of Protestantism that threatened its… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • baroque — [bə rōk′] adj. [Fr, orig., irregular < Port barroco, imperfect pearl] 1. [often B ] a) of, characteristic of, or like a style of art and architecture characterized by much ornamentation and curved rather than straight lines b) of,… …   English World dictionary

  • Baroque — Ba*roque , a. [F.; cf. It. barocco.] (Arch.) 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of, an artistic style common in the 17th century, characterized by the use of complex and elaborate ornamentation, curved rather than straight lines, and, in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • baroque — index elaborate, tawdry Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • baroque — adj *ornate, florid, rococo, flamboyant …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

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