- Verrocchio, Andrea
- (Andrea Cione, ca. 1435-1488)Floren-tine artist, primarily known as a sculptor. Born the son of a kiln worker and initially trained as a goldsmith, as early as 1463 he re-ceived a major commission for a monumental bronze sculpture, The Incredulity of St. Thomas. Another early work was a tomb for two members of the Medici family in San Lorenzo at Florence, Piero I and Giovanni de'Medici (1472). For a fountain at a Medici family villa he produced Putto with a Dolphin and a David that directly chal-lenged the much-admired earlier treatment of the same figure by Do-natello. Both of these works are thought to date from the 1460s or 1470s. His most widely known work, also in a sense a challenge to Donatello, is his Equestrian Monument of Bartolomeo Colleoni (ca. 1483-1488), a monumental bronze statue erected at Venice in honor of one of the city's most successful mercenary generals. Verrocchio headed a large workshop which trained many younger artists, of whom the most famous was Leonardo da Vinci. In his own time he was also a famous and successful painter, though the attribution of his works is often disputed. Even his most important painting, The Baptism of Christ (ca. 1475-1485), is known to have been retouched (if not repainted) by Leonardo. Many of the Italian artists of the next generation show traces of his influence.
Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. Charles G. Nauert. 2004.