Villon, François
(1431-ca. 1463)
   French poet, usually classed as a late medieval rather than a Renaissance author since his works lack the classicizing style associated with the French Renaissance. Yet his poetry was admired by leading figures of the Renaissance, including François Rabelais, who cites him in Pantagruel and makes him appear as a character in the Quart livre, and Clément Marot, who published the first collected edition of his works in 1533. Villon was born in Paris to a poor family and brought up by one of his relatives, a chaplain, whose surname he adopted. Thanks to this patron, he was able to study at the University of Paris (B.A., 1449; M.A., 1452). Villon seems to have led a disorderly and violent life, belonging to a gang of ruffians and in 1455 getting involved in a brawl that ended with his killing a priest, a crime for which he received a pardon from the king. Late the following year Villon participated in the theft of a large sum from the Collège de Navarre, and when the theft was discovered, he left Paris and remained in the provinces until 1461. In 1461 he was imprisoned for an unknown crime but was one of the prisoners pardoned in honor of the formal entry of King Louis XI into the city of Meung. In 1462 he was involved in another fatal conflict and was imprisoned though not iden-tified as the murderer. He appealed his sentence to the Parlement, which commuted it to an exile of 10 years in 1463. A few days later, Villon dis-appeared from Paris, and there is no further record of him.
   Villon's poems are full of topical references and personal satires which even his Renaissance editor, Marot, could not fully understand. They refer to events in his life, and they also parody legal language and traditional ideas of courtly love, often in a scatological manner. His collected Lais circulated from 1456, and his Testament from 1462. Some of Villon's poems are written in the argot of the Parisian criminal class.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Villon, François — (1431–1463)    Since medievalists have rediscovered the 15th century as a fertile period in the history of late medieval literature, they have always celebrated the provocative, often outrageous, poems by François Villon.His contemporaries,… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Villon, François — Vil·lon (vē yōɴʹ), François. 1431 1463?. French poet. His satirical lyrics are contained in Le Petit Testament (c. 1456) and Le Testament (c. 1461). * * * orig. François de Montcorbier or François des Loges born 1431, Paris, France died after… …   Universalium

  • Villon, François — (ca. 1431 ca. 1463)    poet    François Villon, whose works reflect his controversial life and who is often considered France s outstanding lyric poet, was born in or near Paris. His original name was probably either de Montcorbier or des Loges,… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Villon, François — ► (1431 63?) Poeta francés. Supo expresar los sentimientos más humanos ante la muerte y los azares de la vida. Obras: Pequeño y Gran testamento y Balada de las damas de antaño, elegía sobre el paso del tiempo, entre otras. * * * orig. François de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • VILLON, FRANÇOIS —    French poet, born in Paris; studied at the university, but led a singular life; had again and again to flee from Paris; was once condemned to death, but set free after a four years imprisonment into which the sentence was commuted; is the… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Villon, François — pseud. di de Montcorbier, François …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Francois Villon — François Villon François Villon (Grand Testament de Maistre François Villon, 1489) François de Montcorbier dit Villon (né en 1431 à Paris, disparu en 1463) est un poète français de la fin du Moyen Âge. Il est probablement l auteur français le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • François de Moncorbier — François Villon François Villon (Grand Testament de Maistre François Villon, 1489) François de Montcorbier dit Villon (né en 1431 à Paris, disparu en 1463) est un poète français de la fin du Moyen Âge. Il est probablement l auteur français le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • François de Montcorbier — François Villon François Villon (Grand Testament de Maistre François Villon, 1489) François de Montcorbier dit Villon (né en 1431 à Paris, disparu en 1463) est un poète français de la fin du Moyen Âge. Il est probablement l auteur français le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • François Villon — (in modern French, pronounced|fʀɑ̃swa viˈjɔ̃; in fifteenth century French, IPA| [fʀɑnswɛ viˈlɔn] ) (c. 1431 ndash; after 5 January 1463) was a French poet, thief, and vagabond. He is perhaps best known for his Testaments and his Ballade des… …   Wikipedia

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