Catherine of Siena, Saint


Catherine of Siena, Saint
(1347-1380)
   Italian mystic, daughter of an influential Sienese family, canonized in 1461 and declared to be a doctor of the church in 1970. From childhood she was deeply spiritual, and at age 16 she became a Dominican tertiary, living in self-imposed solitude for three years and then becoming active in ministry to the sick and poor. She experienced a spiritual marriage to Christ and in 1375 received the stigmata, signs of Christ's wounds. Deeply devoted to the church and to the papacy and distressed by the frequent wars among Italian cities, she went to Avignon to visit Pope Gregory XI, and in response to her prophecies he returned to Rome. Her influence extended far beyond Siena. Many people, both men and women, acknowledged her holiness and looked to her for inspiration. She became a trusted adviser to Pope Urban VI. Catherine's great popularity is reflected in the many Renaissance paintings depicting events in her life. She is recognized as the first female author to write in the Tuscan dialect. Her surviving writings include several hundred letters to popes, secular princes, and prisoners; an influential mystical treatise, Il libro della divina dottrina /A Treatise on Divine Providence (1377-1378); and a collection of prayers. Despite her lack of formal schooling, she was familiar with the Bible and the works of such doctors of the church as Saints Augustine, Gregory the Great, Bernard of Clairvaux, and Thomas Aquinas. Her letters, which addressed contemporary religious and political problems, including the need for reform of the church, were published in 1500 by the Venetian humanist and printer Aldus Manutius.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Catherine of Siena, Saint — • Third Order Dominican, hermit, reformer, mystic, d. 1380. Biographical article by Edmund G. Gardner Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Catherine of Siena, Saint — orig. Caterina Benincasa born March 25, 1347, Siena, Tuscany died April 29, 1389, Rome; canonized 1461; feast day April 29 Dominican mystic and patron saint of Italy. She joined the Dominican third order in Siena in 1363 and soon became known for …   Universalium

  • Catherine of Siena,Saint — Catherine of Si·en·a (sē ĕnʹə, syĕʹnä), Saint. 1347 1380. Italian religious leader who mediated a peace between the Florentines and Pope Urban VI in 1378. * * * …   Universalium

  • Catherine of Siena — Infobox Saint name=Catherine of Siena birth date=March 25, 1347 death date=April 29, 1380 feast day=April 29; April 30 (Roman Calendar, 1628 1960) venerated in=Roman Catholic Church; Evangelical Lutheran Church in America; Anglican Communion… …   Wikipedia

  • Catherine of Siena — (c. 1345–80)    Saint, Mystic and Devotional Writer.    Catherine was born Caterina Benincasa in Siena, Italy. From her early youth she was subject to visions and, at the age of sixteen, she joined the Dominican Tertiaries. Through her… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Catherine of Siena — /siˈɛnə/ (say see enuh) noun Saint, 1347–80, Italian ascetic and mystic; Dominican order s patron saint …   Australian English dictionary

  • Congregation of the Dominican Sisters of St. Catherine of Siena — The Congregation of the Dominican Sisters of St. Catherine of Siena is a Dominican congregation in the Philippines under the patronage of St. Catherine of Siena. It was founded by Fr. Juan de Sto. Domingo, O.P., of Spain in 1696. Mother Francisca …   Wikipedia

  • Saint — 1347 80, Italian ascetic and mystic. died A.D. 731, pope 715 731. died A.D. 741, pope 731 741. died A.D. 352, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 337 352. died A.D. 683, Sicilian ecclesiastic: pope 682 683. died A.D. 855, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 847… …   Universalium

  • saint — saintless, adj. /saynt/, n. 1. any of certain persons of exceptional holiness of life, formally recognized as such by the Christian Church, esp. by canonization. 2. a person of great holiness, virtue, or benevolence. 3. a founder, sponsor, or… …   Universalium

  • Catherine — /kath euhr in, kath rin/, n. a female given name. Also, Catheryn. * * * (as used in expressions) Breshkovsky Catherine Catherine I Catherine de Médicis Catherine of Alexandria Saint Catherine of Aragon Catherine of Braganza Catherine of Siena… …   Universalium


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