Ciompi


Ciompi
   Florentine term for unskilled wool-carders employed in the woollen industry, one of the lowest-ranking social and economic groups. Their violent rebellion in 1378 was a memorable incident in the troubled political and economic history of 14th-century Florence. After the failure of the attempt by a group of wealthy merchants to put a military dictator into power in 1343, the guilds representing the middling elements of the population had compelled the guilds of rich businessmen to grant them an increased share in the city's government. Encouraged by this development, the Ciompi, who were totally excluded from a political voice and were suffering from low wages and unemployment, sought a voice of their own in government. When they were turned down in 1378, the Ciompi rebelled and forced the regime directed by the 21 established guilds to grant them the right to organize two new guilds and thus to gain some voice, though not a very powerful one, in the political system. The members of the 14 lesser guilds, however, resented the new privileges of this propertyless group and tried to limit their gains. In 1382, since tension between the Ciompi and the middling classes was paralyzing local government and threatening further violence, rich conspirators from the seven greater guilds staged a coup d'état, dissolved the two new guilds of the Ciompi, and then used their military force to restore order. Within a few years, the wealthy guilds had managed to carry through a "reform" of the political system that reduced the representation of the lesser guilds on the ruling executive council and restored the dominance of the rich over the political system.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ciompi — (muncitori în Florenţa medievală) s. m. pl. Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  CIOMPI s.m.pl. Nume dat muncitorilor torcători de lână din Florenţa sec. XIV, care, aliaţi cu meseriaşii neîncadraţi în bresle, s au răsculat… …   Dicționar Român

  • Ciompi — ist der Name von Luc Ciompi (* 1929), Schweizer Psychiater Sonstiges Ciompi Aufstand, Erhebung der Unterschicht, dem popolo minuto unter dem Namen der Ciompi, der Wollkämmer in Florenz im Jahre 1378 Diese Seite ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ciompi — (Флоренция,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: 50100 Флоренция, Италия Описание …   Каталог отелей

  • Ciompi — (ital., spr. Tschompi, d. i. Wollkämmer), 1378 entstandene neue Zunft in Florenz, nach denen man die Revolution von 1378 benennt, s. u. Florenz (Gesch.) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • ciompi — (izg. čȏmpī) m mn DEFINICIJA pov. grebenari vune, radnici u firentinskim manufakturama sukna koji su 1378. podigli ustanak protiv poslodavaca i bogatih građana ETIMOLOGIJA tal …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Ciompi — The Revolt of the Ciompi was a popular revolt in late medieval Florence by wool carders known as ciompi (Italian pronunciation: [ˈtʃompi]), who rose up in 1378 to demand a voice in the commune s ordering. In late medieval Florence, the… …   Wikipedia

  • Ciompi — La revuelta de los Ciompi fue un levantamiento popular que aconteció en Italia en 1378, a finales de la Edad Media, liderado por los cardadores de lana conocidos como ciompi . Ciompi En Florencia de fines del medioevo, los ciompi (cardadores de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ciompi — Statue de Michele di Lando, chef de la révolte de 1378, Loggia del Mercato Nuovo à Florence Les Ciompi composaient la classe sociale la plus pauvre des travailleurs de l industrie textile dans la Florence de la Renaissance. Ces miséreux, qui… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ciompi-Aufstand — Der Ciompi Aufstand (italienische Aussprache:[ˈtʃom.pi]) war ein Aufstand, der Florenz, die Stadt am Arno, in den Sommermonaten des Jahres 1378 erschütterte. Der Aufstand begann im Juni und dauerte bis Ende August an, hierbei spielten die Ciompi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ciompi, Revolt of the — (1378) Uprising of cloth workers and other craftsmen in Florence that brought a democratic government to power. A struggle between ruling factions triggered the rebellion, which was led by the ciompi (wool carders). The rebels demanded a more… …   Universalium


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