Crotus Rubianus


Crotus Rubianus
(Johannes Jäger, 1480-ca. 1545)
   German humanist, one of the circle of Erfurt humanists who were close to Mutianus Rufus. Born to a peasant family in Thuringia, Crotus (a classicized name he adopted in 1509) studied at the University of Erfurt, where he was acquainted with young Martin Luther and became a close friend of Ulrich von Hutten. Sometime after he received his B.A. degree in 1502, he and Hutten moved to Cologne, where he matriculated in 1505 but stayed for only a year before returning to Erfurt and completing the M.A. degree in 1507. He became a priest and from 1510 was headmaster of a school attached to the abbey at Fulda.
   Crotus was a skillful Latin poet, much admired for his poems in praise of Erfurt (1507) and his Bucolicon (1509). He became an out-spoken supporter of the humanist Johann Reuchlin during the latter's conflict with the Dominican theologians of Cologne and was the principal author of the famous satirical attack on the Cologne theologians, Epistolae obscurorum virorum / Letters of Obscure Men (1515). His satire ridiculed the narrowness, pretentiousness, and self-serving conservatism of his antagonists but avoided the savage personal attacks typical of the second part of the satire, published in 1517 and written mainly by Hutten. In 1517 he went to Italy and obtained a doctorate of theology at Bologna.
   Crotus returned to Germany in 1520 and became professor of theology at Erfurt. As the elected rector of the university for the winter term 1520-1521, Crotus enthusiastically welcomed Martin Luther when Luther passed through town on his way to his hearing at the Diet of Worms. Though initially sympathetic to Luther, Crotus was unwilling to support open defiance of church authority.
   In 1524 he entered the service of Albert of Brandenburg-Ansbach, grand master of the Teutonic Knights. In this capacity, he played a role in carrying out Albert's decision to turn Lutheran, secularize his ecclesiastical principality, and transform his state into the hereditary duchy of Prussia. But Crotus was personally reluctant to endorse the change of religion and left Albert's service in 1530. A year later he entered the service of Albert's kinsman, Albert of Brandenburg, archbishop-elector of Mainz. His subsequent activity as an anti-Lutheran pamphleteer cost him the friendship of a number of humanists, such as Eobanus Hessus and Justus Jonas, but he became close to other humanists who had sup-ported Luther only briefly but then became defenders of the Catholic church.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Crotus Rubiānus — (Johannes Jäger), Humanist, geb. um 1480 in Dornheim bei Arnstadt i. Th., gest. nach 1539, studierte seit 1498 in Erfurt, wo er mit Luther, Hutten und Mutian befreundet war, wurde 1508 Lehrer der Grafen von Henneberg, war 1510–15 Vorsteher der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Johann Crotus Rubianus — Crotus Rubeanus (auch Rubianus), eigentlich Johannes Jäger (* um 1480 in Thüringen; † nach 1539) war ein deutscher Humanist. Rubeanus war in Erfurt Studienfreund von Martin Luther und Ulrich von Hutten. Er wurde 1510 Leiter der Klosterschule in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Crotus Rubeanus — (auch Rubianus), eigentlich Johannes Jäger, auch Venator (bis 1509) oder Venatoris (nach 1509) (* um 1480 in Dornheim bei Arnstadt, Thüringen; † um 1545 in Halberstadt[1]) war ein deutscher Humanist und katholischer Theologe. Rubeanus war in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Crotus Rubeanus — Crotus Rubeanus,   Crotus Rubianus, eigentlich Johannes Jäger, lateinisch Venator, Venatorius, Humanist, * Dornheim (bei Arnstadt) 1480, ✝ Halberst …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Rubiānus — Rubiānus, Humanist, s. Crotus Rubianus …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Rubianus — Rubianus,   Crotus, Crotus Rubeanus …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Johann Crotus —     Johann Crotus     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Johann Crotus     (Properly Johannes Jäger, hence often called VENATOR, hunter , but more commonly, in grecized form, CROTUS, archer ).     German Humanist, b. at Dornheim, in Thuringia, c. 1480; d …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Johann Crotus — Johann Crotus, or in his native German Johannes Jäger, hence often called Venator, hunter , but more commonly, in grecized form, crotus, archer , was a German Humanist. From the name of his birthplace he also received the Latinized appellation… …   Wikipedia

  • Рубиан Крот —         [Crotus Rubianus, настоящее имя и фамилия Иоганн Егер (Jager)] (около 1480, Дорнхейм, близ г. Арнштадт, около 1540, Хальберштадт), немецкий гуманист. Сын крестьянина. Играл видную роль в Эрфуртском кружке гуманистов, оказал влияние на… …   Большая советская энциклопедия


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