Ghiberti, Lorenzo


Ghiberti, Lorenzo
(1378-1455)
   Florentine goldsmith and sculptor, known in his own time for his skill in casting bronze statues. His workshop trained a number of leading younger artists, notably Donatello and Paolo Uccello. Though trained as a goldsmith, he established his reputation as a sculptor by winning the competition held in 1401-1402 for the design of a set of bronze doors for the north portal of the Florentine baptistery. Upon completion of this massive project in 1424, in 1425 he received the commission for a second set of doors for the east portal. These two sets of doors are among the supreme achievements of Renaissance sculpture. Ghiberti's early work is less aesthetically and technically typical of Renaissance sculpture than the work of his pupil (and later rival) Donatello, yet the baptistery doors reflect his careful study of ancient sculpture. The first set of doors continued the International Gothic style of the late Middle Ages, but Ghiberti was sensitive to fashion. Hence the second set, popularly known as "the Gates of Paradise" and completed by 1452, reflects the spirit and techniques of the Early Renaissance style. Ghiberti produced other important bronze statues in Florence and Siena. He was fully aware of the implications of the work of Filippino Brunelleschi, his principal rival in the competition of 1401-1402, and while Brunelleschi was the inventor of the system of single-point perspective that marks the emergence of a fully Renaissance art, Ghiberti mastered and codified its principles in his Commentarii / Commentaries (ca. 1450), a pioneering autobiography that discusses both ancient and contemporary art.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ghiberti, Lorenzo — born с 1378, Pelago died Dec. 1, 1455, Florence Italian sculptor, goldsmith, and designer active in Florence. He was trained as a goldsmith and painter. In 1402 he won a competition for the commission to make a pair of bronze doors for the… …   Universalium

  • Ghiberti, Lorenzo — (1378 1455)    One of the leading sculptors of the Early Renaissance. Trained as a goldsmith, Ghiberti was also a writer. His Commentarii of c. 1447 1448 is an autobiography, the first written by an artist, that also includes analysis of earlier… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Ghiberti,Lorenzo — Ghi·ber·ti (gē bĕrʹtē), Lorenzo. 1378? 1455. Florentine sculptor whose series of bronze panels Gates of Paradise (1425 1452) for the doors of the baptistery of Florence Cathedral are among the greatest works of early Renaissance art. * * * …   Universalium

  • Ghiberti, Lorenzo — ► (1378 1455) Escultor, pintor y orfebre renacentista italiano. Autor de dos de las cuatro monumentales puertas de bronce del baptisterio de Florencia, la septentrional y la oriental. Como fundidor de bronce construyó el relicario de san Jacinto… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • GHIBERTI, LORENZO —    an Italian sculptor and designer, born at Florence; his first notable work was a grand fresco in the palace of Malatesta at Rimini in 1400, but his most famous achievement, which immortalised his name, was the execution of two doorways, with… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Ghiberti, Lorenzo di Cione — • Sculptor; b. at Florence about 1381; d. there, December, 1455 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Ghiberti — Ghiberti, Lorenzo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ghiberti — Lorenzo Ghiberti Die Paradiestür in Florenz Lorenzo Ghiberti (* um 1378 in Pelago; † 1. Dezember 1455 in Florenz) war italienischer Goldschmied …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lorenzo di Cione Ghiberti —     Lorenzo di Cione Ghiberti     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Lorenzo di Cione Ghiberti     Sculptor; b. at Florence about 1381; d. there, December, 1455. He ushered in the early Renaissance in his native city of Florence as a sculptor in bronze,… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Lorenzo Ghiberti — Autorretrato de Ghiberti en la Puerta del Paraíso del Baptisterio de la Catedral de Florencia Nacimiento 1378 Florencia (Itali …   Wikipedia Español


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