- Henry VII, king of England
- (Reigned 1485-1509)First king of the Tudor dynasty. His military victory over King Richard III brought an end to the 30 years of sporadic civil war known as the Wars of the Roses. Henry was a shrewd and calculating politician, skilled at exploiting the traditional powers of the monarch in order to guard against anti-Tudor conspiracies and to keep the higher aristocracy under far closer control than any of his 15th-century predecessors had been able to do. He was also frugal in spending money and notoriously ruthless in exploiting the financial rights of the crown. Hence he placed his new dynasty on a sound financial basis that was one of the principal reasons for its survival.Henry's reputation for stinginess was reflected in the modest scale on which he acted as patron to the new Renaissance culture. He employed one Italian humanist of considerable talent, Polydore Vergil, as historiographer and patronized a handful of other humanists, most of them Italian. One or two buildings were built under Italian inspiration, though none of these survives. His most significant surviving architectural monument is the beautiful royal chapel he built at Westminster Abbey, but it was constructed in the traditional English Gothic style. Henry also extended patronage to a limited number of English scholars, including the vernacular poet John Skelton and the Italian-educated humanist and physician Thomas Linacre, who became physician to the king and also tutor to Henry's eldest son Arthur, Prince of Wales.
Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. Charles G. Nauert. 2004.
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Henry VII, King of England — (1457–1509) First king of the house of TUDOR, Henry VII, the surviving heir of the house of LANCASTER, won the Crown from RICHARD III and the house of YORK at the Battle of BOSWORTH FIELD in August 1485. The son of Edmund TUDOR, earl of… … Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses
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Henry VIII, king of England — (reigned 1509 1547) Born the second son of Henry VII, the younger Henry became heir to the throne when his brother Arthur died. He also was married to Catherine of Aragon, the young widow of his brother, despite church laws forbidding such a… … Historical Dictionary of Renaissance
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Henry VII — Henry VII, King also Henry Tudor (1457 1509) the king of England from 1485. He defeated Richard III at the battle of Bosworth Field, and married to unite the families of York and Lancaster and so ended the Wars of the Roses between the two… … Dictionary of contemporary English
HENRY VII — king of England from 1485 to 1509, son of Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond, first of the Tudor monarchs, born at Pembroke Castle; after defeating and slaying Richard III. on Bosworth Field he assumed the crown, and by his marriage with Elizabeth … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Henry VII — Henry the Seventh the king of England from August 22nd, 1485, to April 21st, 1509 … Ballentine's law dictionary
Henry VII of England — Infobox British Royalty|majesty name = Henry VII title = King of England; Lord of Ireland caption = Portrait of Henry, holding a red Lancastrian rose, attributed to Michel Sittow reign = 22 August 1485 – 21 April 1509 coronation = 30 October 1485 … Wikipedia