Joan of Arc


Joan of Arc
(d. 1431)
   Peasant girl who, in 1429, arrived at the court of the French king Charles VII (1422-1461), claiming to have been divinely commissioned by the voices of saints to maintain the king's cause against his rival, King Henry V of England. Although both Joan and the Hundred Years' War that she played a major role in bringing to an end are conventionally regarded as belonging to medieval history, her role in stimulating the French ruler to action did much to rally French support behind King Charles. Although Joan herself was captured in battle by the Burgundian allies of England, sold to the English, and condemned and executed as a witch by a church court, the renewed French consciousness that she both expressed and stimulated created the foundation for emergence of French Renaissance culture. Up to the French Revolution, the monarchy avoided acknowledging her share in French recovery, but in the 19th century, French nationalists transformed her into a national hero, the church reversed her condemnation, and in 1920 she was canonized as Saint Joan.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Joan of Arc — [ärk] (Fr. name Jeanne d Arc) 1412 31; Fr. heroine: defeated the English at Orléans (1429): burned at the stake for witchcraft: called the Maid of Orléans: also Saint Joan of Arc …   English World dictionary

  • Joan of Arc — also St Joan (1412 31) the ↑patron saint of France. As a young girl, she believed that she heard holy voices telling her to fight the English and force their army to leave France. Dressed as a man, she led a French army which defeated the English …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Joan of Arc — Allgemeine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joan of Arc — For other uses, see Joan of Arc (disambiguation). Jeanne d Arc redirects here. For other uses, see Jeanne d Arc (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia

  • Joan of Arc — (Jehanne d’Arc) (ca. 1412–1431)    Joan of Arc, also called the Maid of Orléans, was a peasant girl who became a national heroine and the patron saint of France. At a crucial period of the Hundred Years’War, she led the French resistance to… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Joan of Arc — (1412 1431)    Joan of Arc, whose real name was Jehanne, is also known as Jehanne d Arc, Jeanne d Arc, Jeanne la Pucelle (i.e. the virgin ), and the Maid ofOrleans. She is revered as a Catholic Saint and the heroine of France, who led the French… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • Joan of Arc — (1412 1431)    national heroine, saint    Called the Maid of orleans, who united the nation at the most crucial hour and turned the hundred years war in France s favor, Joan of Arc (Jeanne d Arc) was born to a peasant family in Domrémy, Lorraine …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Joan of Arc — (1412–31)    Rebel and Saint.    Joan was born in humble circumstances in Domrémy, France. From an early age she heard the voices of Saints michael, catherine and margaret, urging her to go to the rescue of France. At that stage, much of the… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Joan of Arc — noun French heroine and military leader inspired by religious visions to organize French resistance to the English and to have Charles VII crowned king; she was later tried for heresy and burned at the stake (1412 1431) • Syn: ↑Jeanne d Arc,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Joan of Arc — French Jeanne d Arc biographical name Saint circa 1412 1431 the Maid of Orleans French national heroine …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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