Laski, Jan I and Jan II

Laski, Jan I and Jan II
   Uncle and nephew, members of an influential family of Polish nobility who were leaders in the church and also in encouraging Renaissance learning in their country. Jan I (1455-1531) entered the service of the Polish king in 1496 and rose to high position in the church. In 1510 he became archbishop of Gniezno and as such, primate (senior prelate) of the Polish church. He attended the Fifth Lateran Council, made a pilgrimage to Jerusalem, and played a prominent role in domestic politics and European diplomacy. After the Reformation began in eastern Germany, Bishop Laski opposed the spread of Lutheran ideas in Poland. He also educated his nephews and supported their careers in royal service and in the church.
   Of the nephews, Jan II (1499-1560) was the most important in the cultural and religious history of his time. He accompanied his uncle to Rome for the Lateran Council, studied in Vienna, Bologna, and Padua, and became an enthusiastic supporter of humanistic studies, particularly the Christian humanism of Erasmus. On his second visit to Erasmus at Basel in 1525, he lived in Erasmus' house for six months, paying his own expenses and arranging to purchase most of Erasmus'personal library. The books were to remain in Erasmus' possession during his lifetime. Aided by his uncle's influence, young Jan obtained a number of valuable benefices in the Polish church. Although critical (like Erasmus) of Martin Luther's rashness, he found Luther's more moderate and more humanistic colleague Philipp Melanchthon very appealing. In 1539 he moved to Louvain, attracted by the philosophia Christi of reform-minded Dutch Catholics. While at Louvain, he married the daughter of a merchant, a step that forced him to forfeit his ecclesiastical offices in Poland. He then moved to Emden in northwestern Germany, working to improve local education. Laski returned to Poland in 1541, affirming on oath that he was an orthodox Catholic. But when he returned to Emden, he openly broke with Catholicism and became superintendent (Protestant bishop) of the churches of East Friesland. He opposed the pro-Catholic religious settlement (the Augsburg Interim) imposed on Germany in 1548 by the Emperor Charles V and accepted the invitation of the Anglican Archbishop Thomas Cranmer of Canterbury to settle in England. There he became superintendent of the congregations of foreign Protestants (mostly German and Dutch) settled in London. After Queen Mary I restored Catholicism in England (1553), he returned to Emden. In 1556 he went back Poland, where he attempted to unify the growing but disunited Protestant groups with a religious system based largely on the theology of John Calvin. Laski's influence had much to do with the Calvinist theology of most Polish Protestants, who remained an influential minority, especially among the aristocracy, until the 17th century.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jan Łaski — Jan Łaski, John Laski , Johannes Alasco, John a Lasco (1499 January 8 1560), was a Polish Protestant evangelical reformer.LifeHe was born in Łask, the son of Jaroslaw Łaski, the Palatine of Sieradz Voivodship and Susanna Bak, the daughter of… …   Wikipedia

  • Jan Lechoń — Leszek Józef Serafinowicz (pen name Jan Lechoń) (b. March 13, 1899 in Warsaw, Congress Poland, Russian Empire d. June 8, 1956, New York City) was a Polish poet, literary and theatre critic, diplomat, and co founder of the Skamander literary… …   Wikipedia

  • Opera North: history and repertoire, seasons 1990–91 to 1996–97 — Opera North is an opera company based at The Grand Theatre, Leeds. This article covers the period when the company s Music Director was Paul Daniel. Contents 1 History 2 Repertoire 3 Source 4 References …   Wikipedia

  • literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… …   Universalium

  • List of London School of Economics people — This is a list of noted alumni or faculty of the London School of Economics. Heads of State or Heads of Government * Harmodio Arias (1886 1962) President of Panama, 1932 1936 * Óscar Arias (b. 1941) President of Costa Rica, 1986 1990, 2006… …   Wikipedia

  • Sita Ram Goel — Sītā Rām Goyal Born 1921 Haryana Died 2003 Occupation writer and publisher Nationality In …   Wikipedia

  • K. R. Narayanan — Infobox President name= Kocheril Raman Narayanan order=10th President of India term start=July 25, 1997 term end=July 25 2002 vicepresident=Krishan Kant predecessor=Shankar Dayal Sharma successor=Abdul Kalam birth date=October 27, 1920 birth… …   Wikipedia

  • Hieronymus Jaroslaw Łaski — Hieronymus Jarosław Laski, Lasky, Laszki, Laszky, Laskó, Jeromos, Jerome, Hieronym, Hieronim, (September 27, 1496 – December 22, 1542), was a Polish diplomat born of an illustrious Polish family. Laski was the nephew of Archbishop John Laski and… …   Wikipedia

  • Polnische Literatur — Polnische Literatur. Die Geschichte der P. L. läßt sich in fünf, ziemlich scharf untereinander abgegrenzte Perioden scheiden. Die Anfänge der P. L. reichen bis in die heidnische Zeit hinauf u. bestehen in Sprüchwörtern, Volksliedern u. Volkssagen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Thomas Cranmer — Cranmer redirects here. For other people with the surname, see Cranmer (surname). Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury Portrait by Gerlach Flicke, 1545[ …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.