Linacre, Thomas


Linacre, Thomas
(ca. 1460-1524)
   English humanist and physician. He grew up in Canterbury and studied at Oxford before going to Florence (1487-1493), where he studied classical languages under Demetrius Chalcondyles and Angelo Poliziano. He then took a medical doctorate at Padua in 1496. He became an assistant to the Venetian printer Aldus Manutius, working on Aldus' Greek edition of Aristotle and a Latin translation of Proclus' De sphaera / On Spheres. Though offered a position teaching medicine at Padua, he returned to England and after 1509 became physician to King Henry VIII and tutor to the king's daughter, Princess Mary. He lectured at Oxford and in 1518 founded the Royal College of Physicians. Linacre's goal as a humanist-educated reformer of medicine was to make ancient Greek medical authors available to contemporary physicians, especially in England. He translated several works of the major Greek medical authority, Galen, into Latin between 1517 and 1523. His influence helped to establish the theory of humors and complexions as the basis of medical practice in England. He corresponded with many of the leading humanists of his time, not only Englishmen like Thomas More, John Colet, and William Lily but also leading Continental figures such as Erasmus and Guillaume Budé. He also produced a Latin grammar, originally devised for Princess Mary. Recognizing the backwardness of English medical education in comparison to Italy's, he founded lectureships in medicine at both Oxford and Cambridge.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Linacre, Thomas — • English physician and clergyman, founder of the Royal College of Physicians, London, b. at Canterbury about 1460; d. in London, 20 October, 1524 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • LINACRE, Thomas — (c. 1460 1524) A principal figure of late fifteenth and sixteenth century English humanism, Thomas Linacre was a proponent of Greek scholarship as a means of recovering the medical knowledge of antiquity. A lack of documentary evidence leaves… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Linacre, Thomas — born с 1460, Canterbury, Kent, Eng. died Oct. 20, 1524, London English physician and classical scholar. Elected a fellow at Oxford in 1484, he became one of the first propagators of the humanist New Learning in England; his students included… …   Universalium

  • Linacre — Thomas Linacre Thomas Linacre Thomas Linacre (ou Lynaker) (né vers 1460 à Brampton dans le Derbyshire – † le 20 décembre 1524) est un médecin et un humaniste anglais, fondateur du College of Physicians de Londres (1518) qui est sans doute la plus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thomas Linacre — (ou Lynaker) (né vers 1460 à Brampton dans le Derbyshire – † le 20 décembre 1524) est un médecin et un humaniste anglais, fondateur du College of Physicians de Londres (1518) qui est sans doute la plus vieille académie de médecine d Europe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thomas Linacre — (or Lynaker) (c. 1460 ndash; 20 December 1524) was an English humanist and physician, after whom Linacre College, Oxford is named.He was born at Brampton in Derbyshire, descended from an ancient family recorded in the Domesday Book. He received… …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Linacre —     Thomas Linacre     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Thomas Linacre     English physician and clergyman, founder of the Royal College of Physicians, London, b. at Canterbury about 1460; d. in London, 20 October, 1524. Nothing is known of his parents …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Linacre — Thomas Linacre (auch: Lynaker) (* 1460; † 20. Dezember 1524) war ein englischer Arzt, Mathematiker und Gelehrter. Er gilt als der Begründer des Humanismus in England. Nach ihm ist das Linacre College in Oxford benannt. Leben Thomas Linacre Er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas — Thomas, Albert Thomas, André Antoine Thomas, Ch. L. Ambroise Thomas, Dylan Thomas, Sidney Gilchrist Thomas, Theodore * * * (as used in expressions) Adès, Thomas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Thomas — /tom euhs/ for 1, 2, 4 14; /taw mah / for 3, n. 1. an apostle who demanded proof of Christ s Resurrection. John 20:24 29. 2. Augustus, 1857 1934, U.S. playwright, journalist, and actor. 3. (Charles Louis) Ambroise /shannrddl lwee ahonn brddwannz… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.