- City of Lombardy in northern Italy, located on the Mincio River, with a population estimated at about 30,000 in the Renaissance. It was the capital of a duchy created in 1328 when Luigi Gonzaga established a hereditary principality that continued to be ruled by his dynasty until 1707. In 1433 the Emperor Sigismund raised Mantua to the status of a marquisate and a fief of the Holy Roman Empire. Located in territory coveted by powerful neighbors such as Venice and Milan, Mantua was frequently in danger of conquest but was saved by the careful diplomacy of the rulers, who created a powerful army and made themselves useful to other powers as mercenary captains (condottieri). From the late 15th century, the struggle between the French Valois and the Spanish Habsburg dynasties for control of northern Italy further complicated the effort to remain independent, but the Gonzaga allied themselves with the Emperor Charles V, who ultimately established Spanish hegemony over Italy.The marquises of Mantua also conducted an active cultural policy that made their state an important center of Renaissance art and learning. Gianfrancesco Gonzaga (1395-1444) brought the noted teacher Vittorino da Feltre to his court to establish a humanistic school for the education of the ruler's children and other local boys, and it soon attracted sons of prominent families from many parts of northern Italy. The Gonzaga also patronized the arts, attracting Antonio Pisanello, Andrea Mantegna, Leon Battista Alberti, and Giulio Romano to embellish their court at various periods of the 15th and 16th centuries. Especially in the time of Francesco Gonzaga (1466-1519) and his wife Isabella d'Este (1474-1539), the court of Mantua was recognized as one of the most splendid centers of literary and artistic life in Italy.
Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. Charles G. Nauert. 2004.
Look at other dictionaries:
MANTUA — MANTUA, city and province in N. Italy, an important Jewish center in late medieval and modern times. History The first record of a Jewish settlement in Mantua dates from 1145, when abraham ibn ezra lived there for a while. A small Jewish… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Mantua — • Diocese of Mantua (Mantuana), in Lombardy Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Mantua Mantua … Catholic encyclopedia
Mantua — Mantua, OH U.S. village in Ohio Population (2000): 1046 Housing Units (2000): 452 Land area (2000): 1.407040 sq. miles (3.644217 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.407040 sq. miles (3.644217 sq.… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
MANTUA — urbs Transpadanae regionis clarissima, Româ 300. annis antiquior, Episcopalis sub Archiepiscopo Aquileiensi, vulgo Mantua et Mantoa Italis, Mantove Gallis. Non longe a Cremonâ abesse innuit Virg. Eclog, 9. v. 28. Mantua vae miserae nimium vicina… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Mantua, OH — U.S. village in Ohio Population (2000): 1046 Housing Units (2000): 452 Land area (2000): 1.407040 sq. miles (3.644217 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.407040 sq. miles (3.644217 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Mantua, UT — U.S. town in Utah Population (2000): 791 Housing Units (2000): 231 Land area (2000): 4.866287 sq. miles (12.603626 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.738116 sq. miles (1.911711 sq. km) Total area (2000): 5.604403 sq. miles (14.515337 sq. km) FIPS code … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Mantua, VA — U.S. Census Designated Place in Virginia Population (2000): 7485 Housing Units (2000): 2723 Land area (2000): 2.421987 sq. miles (6.272918 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.421987 sq. miles… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
mantua — loose gown worn by women 17c. 18c., 1670s, from Fr. manteau cloak, mantle, from O.Fr. mantel (see MANTLE (Cf. mantle)); form influenced in English by Mantua, name of a city in Italy. Mantua maker (1690s) became the general early 19c. term for… … Etymology dictionary
Mantua — Man tu*a, n. 1. A superior kind of rich silk formerly exported from Mantua in Italy. [Obs.] Beck (Draper s Dict.). [1913 Webster] 2. A woman s cloak or mantle; also, a woman s gown. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Mantua — Mantua, Hauptstadt der gleichnamigen ital. Provinz (s. oben), liegt 20 m ü. M. am Mincio, der sich an der Nordseite der Stadt seeartig verbreitert (Lago Superiore, Lago di Mezzo und Lago Inferiore) und sie an der Südseite mit einem von Sümpfen… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
mantua — [man′tyo͞o ə, man′to͞o ə] n. [altered (after MANTUA) < Fr manteau < OFr mantel,MANTLE] a mantle or loose gown or cloak formerly worn by women … English World dictionary