Pléiade
   Collective name for a group of seven 16th-century French po-ets whose works mark the full development of Renaissance poetic style in France. The principal figure of this group, originally known as "the brigade" but renamed in 1553 after the seven stars of the constellation (and in memory of a group of ancient Greek poets), was Pierre de Ronsard. He set the fashion for abandoning medieval poetic tradi-tion and following examples from Greek and Latin classical litera-ture in order to transform the French language into a suitable medium for serious literature. Ronsard himself listed as other members of the fellowship Lazare de Baïf, Joachim du Bellay, Rémi Belleau, Eti-enne Jodelle, Jacques Peletier, and Pontus de Tyard. The classical scholar Jean Dorat is sometimes named as another member. In fact, the roster remains somewhat vague even today, and it changed from time to time as Ronsard dropped some names and added others in or-der to keep the number at seven. The programmatic book defining the goals of the Pléiade was du Bellay's Défense et illustration de la langue française, a plea for French poets to imitate the ancients in or-der to create a great national literature.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

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  • Pléiade — [plā yȧd′] n. 〚Fr: see PLEIADES the〛 1. a group of seven French poets of the 16th cent. who favored the use of classical forms 2. a small group, usually seven, of brilliant persons: also pleiad or PLEIAD …   Universalium

  • Pléiade —    Pléiade is the name given in literary history to the groups of seven poets who were considered poetic constellations, by allusion to the seven sons of Atlas (the Pleiades). This designation was applied for the first time to the seven great… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • plêiade — s. f. 1. Grupo ou reunião de homens célebres pelo talento. 2. Cada uma das estrelas da constelação das Plêiades. • plêiades s. f. pl. 3. Sete Estrelo (constelação). [Nas duas últimas acepções, grafa se com inicial maiúscula.] • Sinônimo geral:… …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Pléiade — [plā yȧd′] n. [Fr: see PLEIADES the] 1. a group of seven French poets of the 16th cent. who favored the use of classical forms 2. a small group, usually seven, of brilliant persons: also pleiad or PLEIAD …   English World dictionary

  • Pléiade — La Pléiade (ursprünglich La Brigade) war eine Gruppe von sieben französischen Dichtern des 16. Jahrhunderts, die sich um Pierre de Ronsard bildete. Sie nannten sich nach einer Gruppe von sieben hellenistischen Dichtern aus dem Alexandria des 3.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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