- Porta, Giambattista della
- (ca. 1535-1615)Neapolitan writer, known for his learning and his authorship of works on science and magic as well as for his numerous and successful neoclassical dramas. He was deeply learned in scientific and magical lore at a time when the modern distinction between science and magic did not exist. He travelled widely, read omnivorously, and collected artifacts repre-senting natural phenomena. Della Porta's involvement in magic was extensive enough that about 1580 the Neapolitan Inquisition ques-tioned him about his beliefs and practices; on its recommendation, in 1610 the pope suppressed an association (Academia Secretorum Nat-urae) that he had helped found for the investigation of nature.Della Porta insisted that no "black" or diabolical magic was in-volved in his studies. He also quarreled with several prominent con-temporaries, accusing the English scientist William Gilbert of steal-ing and publishing his own discoveries on magnetism and also claiming priority to Galileo in the invention of a telescope. He was active in two important scholarly academies at Naples, the Accade-mia dei Lincei and the Accademia degli Oziosi. The best known of his writings on science were De humana physiognomonia / On Hu-man Physiognomy (1586) and Magiae naturalis libri XX / Twenty Books of Natural Magic (1589). The latter was translated into Italian, French, German, and English. His scientific and magical writings contained much information gleaned from his wide reading and his close observation of nature.Della Porta's parallel career as a playwright developed from his own enjoyment of dramatic presentations at Naples during his youth and his interest in the works of the Roman comedian Plautus, which he translated into Italian. His own plays included comedies, tragi-comedies, and tragedies, some written in verse and others in prose. They were printed and widely read, beginning with the comedy LOlimpia in 1589 and ending with La furiosa / The Madwoman in 1609. These plays strictly observed the neoclassical unities of time, place, and action. Despite his difficulties with the Inquisition, Della Porta was a firm supporter of the Catholic Reformation, a member of a lay society affiliated with the Jesuits, and an energetic promoter of use of the arts to promote Christian piety.
Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. Charles G. Nauert. 2004.
Look at other dictionaries:
Porta, Giambattista della — ▪ Italian philosopher also called Giovanni Battista Della Porta born 1535? died Feb. 4, 1615, Naples [Italy] Italian natural philosopher whose experimental research in optics and other fields was undermined by his credulous preoccupation … Universalium
Porta, Giambattista della — ► (1538 1615) Polígrafo italiano. Ideó la cámara oscura y se anticipó a Lavater con De Humana Physiognomonia … Enciclopedia Universal
Giambattista della Porta — Giambattista della Porta … Wikipedia
Giambattista Della Porta — Giambattista della Porta (ou Giovanni Battista Della Porta), (né à Vico Equense vers 1535, mort à Naples le 4 février 1615) était un physicien, opticien, cryptologue et … Wikipédia en Français
Giambattista della porta — Giambattista della Porta (ou Giovanni Battista Della Porta), (né à Vico Equense vers 1535, mort à Naples le 4 février 1615) était un physicien, opticien, cryptologue et … Wikipédia en Français
Giambattista della Porta — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Della Porta. Giambattista della Porta Giambattista della Porta (ou Giovanni Battista Della Porta), (né à Vico Equense vers … Wikipédia en Français
Giambattista della Porta — Giovan Battista della Porta (* 1535 in Vico Equense; † 1615 in Neapel) war ein neapolitanischer Arzt, Universalgelehrter und Dramatiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis … Deutsch Wikipedia
DELLA PORTA, Giambattista — (1535 1615) One of the most versatile scholars of the Italian Renaissance, Giambattista Della Porta was well known in his day as both a scientist and a playwright. Born into a noble family in Naples, Della Porta received a broad education in… … Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary
Porta — (Del lat. portare, transportar.) ► adjetivo/ sustantivo femenino 1 ANATOMÍA Se refiere a la vena gruesa que lleva la sangre del intestino y el bazo al hígado. ► sustantivo femenino 2 NÁUTICA Abertura cuadrangular en los costados y en la popa de… … Enciclopedia Universal
Giambattista Marino — (also Giovan Battista Marino; 14 October 1569 25 March 1625) was an Italian poet who was born in Naples. He is most famous for his long epic L Adone .The Cambridge History of Italian Literature thought him to be one of the greatest Italian poets… … Wikipedia