Rudolf II


Rudolf II
(1552—1615)
   Habsburg king of Hungary and Bohemia; Holy Roman emperor from 1576. He is remembered mainly for his cultural patronage after he transferred the seat of imperial rule from Vienna to Prague in 1583. The court painters whom he supported were late representatives of the artistic style known as mannerism, and he patronized other mannerist artists who did not settle at his court, of whom the most prominent was Giovanni da Bologna. Rudolf also collected the works of earlier artists, especially Albrecht Dürer and Pieter Brueghel the Elder. He was a collector not only of paintings but also of weapons, clocks, scientific instruments, rare animals and plants, and other curiosities. His intellectual interests in-cluded Renaissance occultism, and his patronage attracted such no-torious figures as John Dee and Giordano Bruno. As a political leader, although he opposed Protestantism in general, he sought vainly to bring about a lowering of religious tension in Germany, in opposition to the aggressively anti-Protestant policies of his Habs-burg cousins in Spain and the German lands. In his final years, which were marked by mental instability and by a long and unsuccessful war with the Ottoman Turks, the rest of the Habsburg family forced him to yield the crown of Hungary to his ambitious younger brother, Matthias, who had been his political and personal rival and who eventually succeeded him as emperor and king of Bohemia. Rudolf never married and so left no heir eligible to claim his thrones.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

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  • Rudolf — ist ein deutscher männlicher Vorname. Davon abgeleitet tritt er auch als Familienname auf. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Verbreitung 3 Namenstag 4 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rudolf I. — Rudolf hießen folgende Herrscher: Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Rudolf I. 2 Rudolf II. 3 Rudolf III. 4 Rudolf IV. 5 Rudolf V. 6 Rudolf VI. / VII …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rudolf II. — Rudolf hießen folgende Herrscher: Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Rudolf I. 2 Rudolf II. 3 Rudolf III. 4 Rudolf IV. 5 Rudolf V. 6 Rudolf VI. / VII …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rudolf IV. — Rudolf hießen folgende Herrscher: Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Rudolf I. 2 Rudolf II. 3 Rudolf III. 4 Rudolf IV. 5 Rudolf V. 6 Rudolf VI. / VII …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rudolf — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Rudolf hace referencia a: Rudolf Clausius, matemático y físico alemán; Rudolf Diesel, ingeniero alemán; Rudolf Eucken, filósofo alemán, premio Nobel de Literatura en 1908; Rudolf Hess, militar alemán y líder nazi;… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Rudolf — Rudolf, deutscher Vorname, bedeutet der mit Rath Helfende, der Rathgeber. I. Deutsche Kaiser: 1) R. von Schwaben, Sohn des Grafen Kuno von Rheinfelden, erhielt 1058, nach dem Tode Otto s von Schweinfurt, von seinem Schwager, dem Kaiser Heinrich… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • RUDOLF I° — (of Hapsburg), king of Germany and Holy Roman emperor, 1273–91. In 1275 Rudolf confirmed a papal bull against blood libels , adding that Christian and Jewish witnesses were necessary for sentencing a Jew. In 1286 Rudolph supported the archbishop… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • RUDOLF II° — (of Hapsburg; 1552–1612), Holy Roman emperor and king of Bohemia from 1576. His reign was a period of growth for the Jewry of his dominions, particularly the community of prague (where he resided most of the time). He was in constant touch with… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Rudolf — m German, Dutch, Scandinavian, Polish, Czech, and English: from a Latinized version, Rudolphus, of the Germanic name Hrōdwulf (see ROLF (SEE Rolf)). It was introduced to the English speaking world from Germany in the 19th century. Rudolf was a… …   First names dictionary

  • Rudolf — (altdeutsch Hruodulf, »Ruhmwolf«, soviel wie Ruhmgieriger), deutscher Vorname: Deutsche Kaiser und Könige: 1) R. von Schwaben, Gegenkönig Heinrichs IV., Sohn des Grafen Kuno von Rheinfelden, erhielt 1057 von der Kaiserin Agnes das Herzogtum… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Rudolf — Rùdolf DEFINICIJA 1. v. 2. ime dvojice burgundskih kraljeva (10. st.), jednog francuskog kralja (10. st.) i dvojice njemačko rimskih kraljeva (13. i 16 17. st.) 3. I (1218 1291), prvi njemački kralj Habsburške dinastije koji je zavladao i… …   Hrvatski jezični portal


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