Sturm, Johann


Sturm, Johann
(1507-1589)
   German humanist and educator. Born at Schleidan in the Rhineland, he studied at Louvain, learning Greek from Rutger Regius, with whom he collaborated in publishing editions of Greek texts for teaching. In 1529 he went to Paris for fur-ther study. There he became involved in efforts to ally King Francis I with the German Protestants. In 1536 Sturm moved to Strasbourg to teach in the new Protestant town school, and when it was reorganized in 1538, he became the school's rector. The city govenment intended to use the school to educate Christian citizens, but Sturm emphasized broader aims, such as the need for study of natural philosophy and an-cient literature, and especially for mastery of Latin. His educational theories and practices were described in his De literarum ludis recte aperiendis / On Correctly Establishing Literary Studies (1538) and in a collection of letters explaining his educational theories to his own teachers, Classicae epistolae sive scholae Argentinenses / Letters for the Classes of the Strasbourg School (1565 and 1573). The underlying principle of his school was to proceed in a sequential order so that stu-dents moved from simpler to more complex problems. The school's great success spread his method and his writings throughout Germany.
   Sturm also edited and published editions of Latin and Greek texts for use in teaching. Cicero was the most important author studied; nine of Sturm's 14 editions were Ciceronian works. Sturm edited several Greek rhetoricians, Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, and a collection of Plato's dialogues for student use. He published com-mentaries on Cicero's orations, three treatises on the education of no-bles and princes, and a collection of his correspondence with the English educator Roger Ascham. His educational treatises and edi-tions of classical authors were reprinted frequently. Sturm laid great emphasis on rhetoric, for he believed that rhetorical skill permitted orderly solution of social problems and promoted the general welfare of society. Despite the success of his school, he was dismissed as rec-tor in 1581 because he opposed the introduction of Lutheran doc-trines to replace the Reformed doctrines of Martin Bucer that had prevailed in the early Strasbourg Reformation.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • STURM, JOHANN —    educational reformer, born In Luxemburg; settled in Paris; established a school there for dialectics and rhetoric for a time, but left it on account of his Protestantism for Strasburg at the invitation of the civic authorities, and became… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Johann Christoph Sturm — Johann Christoph Sturm; Kupferstich von Wolfgang Kilian Johann Christoph Sturm (* 3. November 1635 in Hilpoltstein (Mittelfranken); † 26. Dezember 1703 in Altdorf) war ein deutscher Astronom und Mathematiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johann Christopherus Sturm — Johann Christoph Sturm (* 3. November 1635 in Hilpoltstein (Mittelfranken); † 26. Dezember 1703 in Altdorf) war ein deutscher Astronom und Mathematiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Bedeutung 3 Schriften …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johann Baptist Roeschel — Johann Baptist Röschel Johann Baptist Röschel, auch Roeschel, (* 9. Mai 1652 in Ödenburg; † 27. Mai 1712 in Wittenberg) war ein deutscher Physiker und lutherischer Theologe Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johann Baptist Czjzek — Johann Baptist Czjzek, tschechisch Jan Křtitel Cžižek (* 25. Mai 1806 in Jirna, Böhmen; † 17. Juli 1855 in Atzgersdorf) war ein österreichischer Geologe. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Publikationen 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sturm und Drang — (the conventional translation is Storm and Stress ; a more literal translation, however, might be storm and urge , storm and longing , storm and drive or storm and impulse ) is the name of a movement in German literature and music taking place… …   Wikipedia

  • Sturm & Drang — Sturm und Drang oder Geniezeit bezeichnet eine Strömung der deutschen Literatur in der Epoche der Aufklärung, die etwa von 1767 bis 1785 hauptsächlich von jungen, etwa 20 bis 30jährigen Autoren getragen wurde. Die Benennung erfolgte in den 20er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sturm und drang — oder Geniezeit bezeichnet eine Strömung der deutschen Literatur in der Epoche der Aufklärung, die etwa von 1767 bis 1785 hauptsächlich von jungen, etwa 20 bis 30jährigen Autoren getragen wurde. Die Benennung erfolgte in den 20er Jahren des 19.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johann Wolfgang Goethe — Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Ölgemälde von Joseph Karl Stieler, 1828 (es handelt sich, wie der Dichter selbst anmerkte, um eine idealisierende Darstellung)[1] …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sturm (Name) — Sturm ist ein gebräuchlicher Familienname, der selten auch als Vorname vorkommt. Bekannte Namensträger Vorname Sturmius ( 705–779), Missionar und erster Abt des Klosters Fulda Sturm Kegel (1892–1979), Direktor des Siedlungsverbandes… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.