Tallis, Thomas


Tallis, Thomas
(ca. 1505-1585)
   English composer and organist, noted for his mastery of counterpoint. He was organist at a Benedictine abbey at Dover in 1532 and then at Waltham Abbey until the disso-lution of all remaining monasteries by King Henry VIII in 1540. Tallis then became a gentleman of the Chapel Royal, a position he held until his death. During the reign of Edward VI (1547-1553), he composed music for the new Anglican liturgy, but some of his best compositions were made during the Catholic restoration under Queen Mary I (1553-1558), including the mass Puer natus est nobis and sev-eral much-admired motets. Tallis passed easily and apparently with no qualms of conscience into the service of Elizabeth I (1558-1603), un-der whom he composed music for both Latin and English liturgical texts, though most of his work was still for Latin liturgies. He com-posed several settings for Archbishop Matthew Parker's English Psalter. From 1570, his colleague in the Chapel Royal was the man who became the leading English musician of the next generation, William Byrd. In 1575 Tallis and Byrd published the collection Can-tiones sacrae, to which each of them contributed 17 motets. That same year, the crown granted them a 21-year monopoly for printing music and music paper, but this privilege did not turn out to be so lucrative as they hoped, and after two years they petitioned successfully for an annual pension. Tallis also composed secular vocal and keyboard works, but his importance lies in the field of sacred music.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tallis, Thomas — • Focusing especially on his contributions to Catholic liturgics and hymnody, even after the English Reformation Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • TALLIS, Thomas — (1505 1585) Thomas Tallis was one of the best known English composers of the sixteenth century. Little is known about his early life, but he began his fifty year musical career as an organist and choirmaster, first at Dover Priory, then at St.… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Tallis, Thomas — born с 1505 died Nov. 23, 1585, Greenwich, London, Eng. British composer. An organist at abbeys and churches from 1532, by 1543 he was a gentleman of the Chapel Royal, as both organist and composer. Though a Catholic, he was one of the first to… …   Universalium

  • Tallis, Thomas — ( 1505–23 nov. 1585, Greenwich, Londres, Inglaterra). Compositor británico. Desde 1532 fue organista en abadías e iglesias y en 1543 trabajaba como organista y compositor en la Capilla Real. Aunque profesaba el catolicismo, fue uno de los… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tallis, Thomas — (c. 1505–85)    Composer.    Tallis was organist of Waltham Abbey, England, until its dissolution under King Henry VIII in 1540. For the rest of his life he was a Gentleman of the Chapel Royal. Much of his Church music is still played. He is… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Tallis, Thomas — (c. 1505, Greenwich – 23 November 1585)    Composer, organist at various churches in Dover and London, and Gentleman of the Chapel Royal, probably from 1543. He wrote 42 Latin motets, including the famous Spem in alium for 40 voices, three… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • TALLIS, THOMAS —     the father of English cathedral music, born in the reign of Henry VIII., lived well into the reign of Elizabeth; was an organist, and probably a gentleman of the Chapel Royal ; composed various anthems, hymns, Te Deums, etc., including The… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Thomas Tallis — (Grabado de Niccoló Haym sobre un retrato de Gerard van der Gucht). Thomas Tallis (c. 1505 – 23 de noviembre de 1585) fue un compositor inglés de música sacra, uno de los más importantes del siglo XVI. Contenido …   Wikipedia Español

  • Thomas Tallis — (* um 1505 vermutlich in Kent, andere Quellen geben Leicestershire an; † 23. November 1585 in Greenwich) war ein englischer Komponist geistlicher, vorwiegend vokaler Musik zur Zeit der englischen Reformation. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • TALLIS (T.) — TALLIS THOMAS (1505 env 1585) Organiste et compositeur anglais, Thomas Tallis est probablement né dans le Leicestershire; son premier poste musical connu est celui d’organiste au prieuré bénédictin de Douvres (1531); il est organiste à l’abbaye… …   Encyclopédie Universelle


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