Bologna, Concordat of
(1516)
   Treaty between Pope Leo X and King Francis I of France, settling several disputes between the French church and the papacy. The kings and higher clergy of France had long upheld the principle of Gallicanism, which recognized the general authority of the pope but in most respects regarded the French church as an autonomous, self-governing religious community, particularly in matters of appointments to office and taxation. In 1438 this theory had been made part of French law by the Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges. The papacy had always condemned these "Gallican" ideas and the closely associated doctrines of 15th-century Conciliarism, which taught that a general council, not the pope, was the ultimate authority in the church. The predecessor of King Francis I, Louis XII, had convened an antipapal Council of Pisa in 1511 as part of his war with Pope Julius II, using the threat of deposition by the council as a means of bringing pressure on the pope. This effort had failed, for the "false council" of Pisa received little support outside of France. At first Francis continued this political conflict with the new pope, Leo X, and in 1515 scored a major military victory over an anti-French alliance that included the pope. After his victory, Francis found it advantageous to negotiate a deal with the pope in order to detach him from his allies. The Concordat of Bologna was the result.
   The king abandoned the moribund council. He abandoned the principles of "Gallican liberties" and acknowledged papal supremacy over the Gallican Church. In return, he gained control over the appointment of nearly all high-ranking clergymen, subject only to a nominal right of the pope to reject a nominee he found unqualified. This provision enabled Francis to strengthen his political position in France by using ecclesiastical patronage to buy the loyalty of powerful families in the French aristocracy. For the French clergy, the Concordat betrayed the traditional French support for Conciliarism and undermined Gallican liberties. Both the supreme judicial court, the Parlement of Paris, which had to register treaties, and the University of Paris resisted, but the king ruthlessly employed his constitutional supremacy to override their opposition and silence protests.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bologna — (spr. Bolonja). I. (Geogr.), 1) (Bolognese), Legation im Kirchenstaat (Italien); 613/5 QM, 348,000 Einw., zerfällt in 12 Kreise, grenzt an Ferrara im N., an Toscana im W., an dasselbe u. Ravenna im S., an Ravenna im O.; im südlichen Theile… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Concordat of Bologna — The Concordat of Bologna (1516), marking a stage in the evolution of the Gallican Church, was an agreement[1] between King Francis I of France and Pope Leo X that Francis negotiated in the wake of his victory at Marignano in September 1515. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Concordat of 11 June 1817 — The Concordat of 11 June 1817 was a concordat between the kingdom of France and the Holy See, signed on 11 June 1817. Not having been validated, it never came into force in France and so the country remained under the regime outlined in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Concordat — This article is about agreements involving the Holy See. For other uses, see Concordat (disambiguation). A concordat is an agreement between the Holy See of the Catholic Church and a sovereign state on religious matters. Legally, they are… …   Wikipedia

  • Concordat of Worms — In 1122, Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor entered into an agreement with Pope Calistus II known as the Concordat of Worms. The Concordat of Worms, sometimes called the Pactum Calixtinum by papal historians,[1] was an agreement between Pope Cal …   Wikipedia

  • Concordat of Bologna —    The Concordat (a treaty between the Holy See and a state) of Bologna (1516) was an important negotiation between King francis i and Pope Leo x that superceded the Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges and recognized the supremacy of the pope s… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Pragmatic sanction of bourges —    Legislation issued by King Charles VII in the French Estates General of 1438, defining the Gallican (French) Church as an autonomous unit within the total Catholic church and giving only nominal recognition to the pope as head of the church.… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Italy — /it l ee/, n. a republic in S Europe, comprising a peninsula S of the Alps, and Sicily, Sardinia, Elba, and other smaller islands: a kingdom 1870 1946. 57,534,088; 116,294 sq. mi. (301,200 sq. km). Cap.: Rome. Italian, Italia. * * * Italy… …   Universalium

  • Kirchenstaat [2] — Kirchenstaat (Geschichte). I. Entstehung der weltlichen Macht des römischen Papstes. Die ersten Anfänge des weltlichen Besitzes der Römischen Kirche u. ihres Oberhauptes werden von der Sage u. in unechten Urkunden bis auf den Kaiser Constantin d …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Napoleon Bonaparte —     Napoleon I (Bonaparte)     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Napoleon I (Bonaparte)     Emperor of the French, second son of Charles Marie Bonaparte and Maria Lætitia Ramolino, b. at Ajaccio, in Corsica, 15 August, 1769; d. on the Island of St.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”