Brueghel, Pieter


Brueghel, Pieter
(the Elder, ca. 1525-1569)
   The principal Dutch painter of the 16th century. Though highly educated, closely linked to leading humanists, and patronized by the Habsburg rulers, he concentrated many of his paintings on the life and customs of the lower classes. A trip to Rome and Naples in 1552-1553 left him not with the usual northern artist's interest in contemporary Italian art but with an interest in landscape, perhaps derived from Venetian landscape paintings but in his case vividly expressed in the background of depictions of peasant groups (for example, The Return of the Hunters, The Blind Leading the Blind, and Peasant Wedding) which present an unromanticized view of the life of ordinary folk. Though his work continues traditional Flemish realism, there are also many signs of the influence of the fantastic and psychologically disturbing works of Hieronymus Bosch. He also painted religious and allegorical scenes, but his own religious beliefs remain elusive, perhaps a reflection of the religious tensions of a society undergoing spiritual upheaval and living on the brink of civil war. Nevertheless, the Habsburg rulers found his work appealing, so that many of his finest works are now in Vienna. The family artistic tradition continued with his sons, Pieter the Younger (1564-1638) and Jan the Elder (1568-1625), for at least two additional generations.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

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  • Brueghel,Pieter — Brue·ghel or Brue·gel also Breu·ghel (broiʹgəl, bro͞oʹ , brœʹ ), Pieter. Known as “the Elder.” 1525? 1569. Flemish painter noted for his landscapes and his lively genre scenes, including Peasant Wedding (c. 1567). His son Pieter (1564 1638?),… …   Universalium

  • Brueghel, Pieter, the Elder —  (c. 1520–1569) Not eu . Flemish painter and father of two others: Pieter Brueghel the Younger (1564–1638) and Jan Brueghel (1568–1625) …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • BRUEGEL (BRUEGHEL), Pieter — (c. 1526/27 1569) Pieter Bruegel, a painter and graphic artist, was the first and most outstanding member of several generations of artists in his family. He was born near Breda in the Netherlands. Both the contemporary Italian art historian… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Pieter III. Brueghel — Pieter III. Brueghel, auch Pieter Breugel oder Pieter Bruegel, (* vor dem 6. Juli 1589 in Antwerpen; † um 1640 möglicherweise ebenda), war ein flämischer Genremaler. Leben und Werk Über das Leben von Pieter III. Brueghel ist heute nur wenig… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pieter Brueghel l'Ancien — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Brueghel. Pieter Brueghel l Ancien Autoportrait …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pieter Brueghel der Jüngere — Anthonis van Dyck: Porträt Pieter Brueghel d. J. Pieter Brueghel der Jüngere (auch Breughel oder Breugel [1]; * zwischen 23. Mai und 10. Oktober 1564 in Brüssel; † zwischen März und April 1638 in Antwerpen), ge …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pieter Brueghel der Ältere — Der Maler und sein Kritiker (Feder und Tusche, 1565 68)[1] Vermutliches Selbstporträt Pieter Brueghel der Ältere [ˈbɾøːɣəl] (* um 1525/30 in Breda; † 5. September 1569 in Br …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Pieter Bruegel d. Ä. — Der Maler und sein Kritiker (Feder und Tusche, 1565 68)[1] Vermutliches Selbstporträt Pieter Brueghel der Ältere [ˈbɾøːɣəl] (* um 1525/30 in Breda; † 5. September 1569 in Br …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pieter Bruegel d.Ä. — Der Maler und sein Kritiker (Feder und Tusche, 1565 68)[1] Vermutliches Selbstporträt Pieter Brueghel der Ältere [ˈbɾøːɣəl] (* um 1525/30 in Breda; † 5. September 1569 in Br …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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