Alciati, Andrea


Alciati, Andrea
(1492—1550)
   Italian humanist and lawyer, educated in classical languages in his native Milan and then in law at Pavia, Bologna, and Ferrara. His Emblematum liber / Book of Emblems (1531) was one of the most influential examples of a type of Renaissance publication, the emblem-book, that became popular and was imitated throughout late Renaissance Europe. His other claim to fame was as a reformer of legal study. While teaching at the papal university at Avignon in 1518, he developed a new approach to jurisprudence inspired by humanism. What set Alciati apart from traditional teachers of Roman law was his application of the critical linguistic and textual methods of the humanists to the standard text of Roman law, the Corpus Juris Civilis, while belittling the commentaries and glosses by medieval jurists, which had come to be the main focus of traditional legal education. Just as the humanists did with literary texts, he taught directly from the ancient text, giving a philological and historical exposition. This humanistic approach caused great enthusiasm among his students at Avignon and Bourges and came to be known as "the French manner" (mos gallicus), in contrast to the traditional "Italian manner" (mos italicus) which focused attention on the opinions of famous medieval professors.
   Mos gallicus found more followers in French and German jurisprudence than in Italy, though most followers adopted a hybrid approach that combined the new with the traditional. Alciati's development of this new approach to Roman law was strongly influenced by the Florentine humanist Angelo Poliziano, by the Dutch humanist Erasmus, and by his French friend Guillaume Budé. He eventually returned to Italy, where he ended his career as one of the most famous law professors of his generation.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alciati, Andrea — • Italian jurist (1492 1550) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Andrea Alciati — Andrea Alciato (auch Andrea Alciati, lat. Andreas Alciatus; * 8. Mai 1492 in Alzate Brianza in der Nähe des Comer Sees; † 12. Januar 1550 in Pavia) war ein italienischer Jurist und Humanist. Leben Alciato studierte an den Universitäten in Mailand …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andrea Alciati —     Andrea Alciati     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Andrea Alciati     An Italian jurist, born at Alzano, near Milan, 8 May, 1492; died at Pavia, 12 June 1550. He was the only son of a Milanese ambassador to the Republic of Venice. He studied law at …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Andrea Alciato — Emblema CLXXXIX Mentem, non formam, plus pollere. André Alciat ou Andrea Alciato, aussi dit Alciati (8 mai 1492 – 1550, Pavie) est un jurisconsulte et écrivain italien, émule d Ulrich Zasius (1461 1535) et de Guillaume Budé (1467 1540). Il compte …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alciāti — Alciāti, Andrea, geb. 1492 zu Alzate bei Como, 1518 Professor der Rechte zu Avignon, 1529 zu Bourges, prakticirte u. lehrte dann in Mailand, Bologna u. zuletzt in Pavia, wo er 1550 st. Er war der berühmteste Rechtslehrer seiner Zeit u. erläuterte …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Alciati — Alciati, Andrea, 1462 in Alzate bei Como geb., Rechtslehrer oder Anwalt in Bourges, Avignon, Mailand, Bologna, Pavia, wo er 1550 st., erläuterte geistvoll das röm. Recht. Letzte Ausg. s. Werke: Frankfurt 1717, 4 Bde. fol …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Andrea Alciato — Portada de Emblemas (1531). Andrea Alciato (Alzano, Milán, 1492 – Pavía, 1550) fue un moralista, jurista, y escritor humanista italiano. Vida y obra Alciato viajó a Francia a princ …   Wikipedia Español

  • Andrea Alciato — Andrea Alciato, commonly known as Alciati (Andreas Alciatus) (January 12, 1492 1550), was an Italian jurist and writer. He is regarded as the founder of the French school of legal humanists.BiographyAlciati was born in Alzate Brianza, near Milan …   Wikipedia

  • Andrea Alciato — (auch Andrea Alciati, lat. Andreas Alciatus; * 8. Mai 1492 in Alzate Brianza in der Nähe des Comer Sees; † 12. Januar 1550 in Pavia) war ein italienischer Jurist und Humanist …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alciati — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Andrea Alciati (1492–1550), italienischer Humanist Francesco Alciati (1523–1580), italienischer Kardinal Terenzio Alciati (1570–1651), italienischer Jesuit Diese Seite ist eine Begrif …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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